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Doctor of Medicine in the Philippines

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Program Overview

The Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree is a five-year graduate program intended to teach students the essentials of being a Medical Doctor. The program consists of three years of academic instruction, one year of clinical clerkship and one year of post-graduate internship. 

In the first year, the subjects integrated in the curriculum are mainly composed of basic sciences such as Human Anatomy and Physiology, Biochemistry, Preventive Medicine, Community Health, Psychiatry and Medical Practice I. The second year is spent studying fundamental concepts in Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology, Pharmacology, Medicine and Surgery, Psychiatry II and Medical Economics. During the third year of studying Medicine, students are taught subjects that deal with common diseases encountered in clinical practice, as well as interesting or rare conditions. The pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnostic approaches and the management of these diseases are also given emphasis. The final year of the Doctor of Medicine program is spent on hospital duty. 

The first two years of the Doctor of Medicine program are spent in class lectures delivered through computers using LCD projectors complemented by slide/ film showings, laboratory work, and group discussions. In the third and fourth years, students begin to meet patients in an actual hospital setting. Students are rotated in various hospital departments, spending up to two months in each department in the fields of internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology and pediatrics, and several weeks in other specialties under the supervision of a faculty. After each clinical duty, students undergo periodic evaluations to assess their performance. 

Recommended Undergraduate Program

Students who wish to pursue the Doctor of Medicine program should have a pre-medicine undergraduate degree.  However, students who do not hold an undergraduate program in those fields but still wish to pursue the program are required to take a preparatory medical course by the Board of Medical Education before they can proceed to the M.D. program. These applicants must complete the number of years designated for the preparatory course. Once the applicant completes the course, the Board of Medical Education will issue a certificate of eligibility permitting the applicant to proceed to the Doctor of Medicine program.

Subjects and Curriculum

  • Anatomy and Physiology

  • Biochemistry

  • Community Health

  • Psychiatry and Medical Practice

  • Preventive Medicine

  • Pathology

  • Microbiology and Parasitology

  • Pharmacology

  • Medicine and Surgery

Admission Requirements


  • The student must have an undergraduate degree relevant to the program

  • The student must pass the Graduate Admissions Test of the university

  • The student must pass the National Medical Admissions Test (NMAT)

Basic Requirements

  • Undergraduate Transcript of records (Original and Photocopy)

  • Recommendation letters from former professors, deans, or colleagues

  • Letter of intent

  • Most recent medical and dental health record

  • Copy of NSO Certified birth certificate

  • Copy of undergraduate diploma

  • (1) Latest 2”x2”ID Picture

Areas of Specialization

  • Family Practice

  • Internal Medicine

  • Emergency Medicine

  • Pediatrics

  • Obstetrics-gynecology

  • Orthopedic

  • General Surgery

  • Psychiatry

Program Outcome

Graduates of the M.D. program are expected to be able to:

  • Competently manage clinical conditions of all patients in various settings

  • Initiate planning, organizing, implementation, and evaluation of programs and health facilities

  • Effectively work in teams in managing patients, institutions, projects, and similar situations

  • Adhere to national and international codes of conduct and legal standards that govern the profession

  • Abide by the principles of relevance, equity, quality, and cost-effectiveness in the delivery of healthcare to patients, families, and communities

Board Exam

To be a full-fledged medical doctor in the Philippines, a graduate of the M.D. program needs to pass the Philippine Physician’s Licensure Examination conducted by The Board of Medicine under the supervision of the Professional Regulations Commission (PRC). 

After passing the Licensure Exam, graduates are eligible to enter the Residency Training Program in their field of specialization. The Residency training program in the Philippines is regulated by their respective Medical Societies: Philippine Board of Psychiatry, Philippine Board of Pediatrics, Philippine Board of Cardiology, Philippine Academy of Family Physicians, etc. Each society has created an Accreditation Committee/Board whose goal is to assure the delivery of the highest quality medical care by implementing a structured residency program and a standard curriculum in order to ensure the competence of those undergoing training in different fields of specialization in the different training institutions nationwide

Career Opportunities

Graduates of the M.D. program may pursue a career path in public and private medical facilities, educational institutions, government agencies, and private sectors  They may apply as a company doctor, school doctor, resident physician, or a private practice doctor.

Find schools offering Doctor of Medicine:

Reviews of Doctor of Medicine graduates:

M. N.
◈ Studied Doctor of Medicine
◈ At University of Santo Tomas
◈ Graduated 1995

list bulletWhy did I choose Doctor of Medicine: My mother had and died of cancer of the lungs. This is one of the main reasons why I took this course; the other, is that I want to work abroad.

list bulletAbout my college education: My course deals with all subjects about curing people which requires knowledge of anatomy, pediatrics, geriatrics, pharmacology, psychology, among others. These are just a few that I have learned in my studies.

I cannot remember what subject I had the difficulty of studying but I did have a very tiresome college life reading so many books and trying to memorize some of the topics before each exam.
I believe that the only way to succeed is not to quit, and to be sure of where one is going and wants to be. In time, all the pains and hardships will just banish one by one as long as one keeps moving forward and never losing sight of one’s objectives.

list bulletMy current job: I am now a practicing pediatrician in a big hospital and I have also my clients in my private clinic in New Jerse. I see to it that all my patients are treated and become well again.

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: In college I learned about budgeting and management of time. When I was still studying I had to know when to study and when to relax. I would have been worn out if I did not do this. My work now is so hectic that I had to budget and manage my time for my job and for my family and kids.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: It took me a year after graduation before I worked in a hospital because I had to pass the board exam first.

list bulletDo I recommend studying Doctor of Medicine: I recommend this course to anyone who even does not know yet what she wants because it is a course that is sure to earn high income as well as get the respect and admiration of others.

This course is the best that I can recommend to anybody not only because of the guaranteed good future on the income aspect but also as a profession that can give both the doctor and the patient a harmonious relationship. It makes me feel good when I hear my patient say “doc, I am already healed.”

list bulletAdvice to people who are thinking of studying this course: The course of Doctor in Medicine is one of the most difficult couses. It takes a lot of patience and determination to finsih this course, however once a student becomes a doctor all the efforts and expenses will be generously rewarded with a very good income.
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