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BS in Geology in the Philippines

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Program Overview

The Bachelor of Science in Geology is a four-year that focuses on the study of the Earth. It tackles its origin, composition, characteristics, and processes. Geology majors also study the Earth’s natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions. Students are able to come up with solutions on how people should conserve and reduce harmful practices on Earth.

Recommended Senior High School Strand

Students who want to pursue a degree in Geology are encouraged to take the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) strand under the Academic Track. The strand provides the basics of applied mathematics and sciences that will be useful in their college life.

Subjects and Curriculum

  • Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology
  • Research in Marine Paleontology
  • Stratigraphy & Sedimentation
  • Geology Concentration
  • Advanced Petrography
  • Geologic Mapping
  • Geomorphology
  • Mineralogy
  • Geophysics

Admission Requirements


  • The student must be a high school graduate. 

However, if they were not able to graduate high school, they may opt to take the Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college; the availability of courses for PEPT passers depend on the university.

  • The students must pass the College Admissions Test of the university.

Basic Requirements

  • Form 138 - High School Report Card (Original and Photocopy)
  • Recommendation letter from High school principal and guidance counselor
  • Most recent medical and dental health record
  • Copy of NSO Certified birth certificate
  • Certificate of Good moral character
  • Copy of honorable dismissal
  • Copy of high school diploma
  • (1) Latest 2”x2” ID Picture

Program Outcome

Graduates of BS in Geology are expected to be able to:

  • Come up with conservation habits to reduce waste from pollution
  • Visualize geologic structures in multi-dimensions
  • Communicate geologic ideas to the public and other geologists
  • Give solutions on constructing infrastructures that can endure natural disasters
  • Adhere to the Code of Ethics for geologists

On-The-Job Training/Internship

During the fourth year of the program, students are required to attend an On the Job Training (OJT) in government agencies and private consultancy firms for the mining and petroleum industries. 

Students are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge and skills in an actual work setting. Usually, universities require them to submit a written report on their tasks, learning experiences, and hours rendered. Their work performance will also be evaluated by their immediate managers and will be submitted to their respective OJT coordinator. The number of hours required may differ in each university.

Board Exam

Graduates of BS in Geology should pass the Geologist Licensure Examination in order for them to become a Licensed Geologist. This will also enable them to become professionals in the industry.

To become a Licensed Geologist in the Philippines, a graduate of BS in Geology needs to pass the  Geologist Licensure Examination The examination is conducted by the Board of Geology under the supervision of the Professional Regulations Commission (PRC). 

Career Opportunities

Graduates of BS in Geology may pursue a career path in government agencies and private consultancy firms for the mining and petroleum industries. They may apply as an environmental consultant, mathematical geologist, exploration geologist, university professor, structural geologist, mine site geologist, or a district geologist.

Reviews of BS in Geology graduates:

K. A.
◈ Studied BS in Geology
◈ At University of the Philippines Diliman
◈ Graduated 2013

list bulletWhy did I choose Geology: There was really no plan of taking this course, besides Geology was not that famous among high school students, at least during my time. I just had to readmit from a business course to a science course because of the DOST scholarship. I enrolled in Geology even though I did not like it at first thinking that I can shift to another course which I like better. Geology also has one of the highest stipend for DOST scholarship, so it also became a motivation. However, during my first year, we had this subject on rocks and it really amazed me on how those simple rocks can tell stories about the planet we live in. This encouraged me more to continue with this course and eventually graduate among the few and the proud.

list bulletAbout my college education: I learned a lot from studying geology. Earth science takes up a little portion in our elementary and high school generally, so we only have a little idea on what this science is all about; but geology is a lot more than rocks and volcanoes. Everything on and in the earth actually is a scope of geology. Studying geology makes me appreciate the beauty and richness of our planet more and makes me realize the importance of taking good care of it.

Studying geology is not easy so as any other courses in UP, but if you learn how to have fun out of the difficulties, then it makes studying more enjoyable. Geology also took me to a lot of places without ruining my budget through sponsored field works. This is the most enjoyable part of studying geology, getting to a lot of places, interacting with different kinds of people, and having fun while learning. It is also fun not just experiencing the beauty of a place but also knowing how a certain place has formed in the past. It's like travelling to the past with our geologic imagination.

Failing at exams is a usual thing in UP, it is just part of the experience UP has to offer. In geology, more people shift in than out and these people stay, maybe because of the unique learning experience in geology. To succeed in geology, one just have to know how to enjoy while getting into a lot and different kinds of pressure. A game attitude is also a must since geology involves getting to new unexplored places and trying new things.

list bulletMy current job: I am an exploration geologist for a petroleum company.
We consider ourselves the heart of an oil & gas exploration company. We are in the technical side of the search for oil by using our geological knowledge on the formation of oil and the interpretation of the subsurface geology and structures where there can be accumulations of oil/gas.

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: Yes. Aside from the geology itself which is very relevant to my current job, college also taught lessons on how to deal with people, how to react under pressure, and how to create immediate solutions to problems. These, I believe, are necessary and very helpful when it comes to life after college a.k.a. Employed life.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: 1 week :)

list bulletDo I recommend studying Geology: Of course.

In terms of employment opportunities, geology is a very diverse field so there are many options to consider after graduation. There is the industry (oil & gas, metals & mining, cement, etc.), the government (MGB, Phivolcs, DENR, DOST, DPWH, etc.), and the academe.

The salary level is of no question, the fresh graduates are compensated above average which may reach up to around Php 60,000 depending on the field. For experienced employees, based on what I know from my seniors, they are among the highest paid professionals. In fact, the geologists are the second highest paid professionals in the country according to the 2013 data from DOLE.

list bulletAdvice to people who are thinking of studying this course: If you are into adventures then Geology is right for you!
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