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BS in Biology in the Philippines

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  1. Read about the BS in Biology course:
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Program Overview

The Bachelor of Science in Biology is a four-year program that offers a general education in different biological sciences such as zoology, botany, physiology, genetics, histology, microbiology and ecology. The program also offers a strong foundation for advancement and specialization in biotechnology, genetic engineering, computational biology, genomics, molecular biology, and neurobiology. It grounds students with the fundamental concepts, principles, and theories of biological, natural, and physical sciences in research.

Recommended Senior High School Strand

Students who want to pursue a degree in Biology are encouraged to take the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) strand under the Academic Track. The strand provides the basics of applied mathematics and sciences that will be useful in their college life.

Subjects and Curriculum

  • Chemical Biology: Organic Molecules
  • Chemical Biology: Analytical Methods for Biology
  • Chemical Biology: Biomolecules

  • Biophysics
  • Statistical Biology
  • General Botany
  • General Zoology
  • General Physiology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Cell and Molecular Biology

Admission Requirements


  • The student must be a high school graduate. 

However, if they were not able to graduate high school, they may opt to take the Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college; the availability of courses for PEPT passers depend on the university.

  • The students must pass the College Admissions Test of the university.

Basic Requirements

  • Form 138 - High School Report Card (Original and Photocopy)
  • Recommendation letter from High school principal and guidance counselor
  • Most recent medical and dental health record
  • Copy of NSO Certified birth certificate
  • Certificate of Good moral character
  • Copy of honorable dismissal
  • Copy of high school diploma
  • (1) Latest 2”x2” ID Picture

Program Outcome

Graduates of BS in Biology are expected to able to:

  • Have an in-depth understanding of the principles of the science of life
  • Utilize relevant biological research work techniques and procedures laboratories and field settings
  • Use appropriate technology and apply basic mathematical and statistical computations in analyzing biological data
  • Know and thoroughly assess current theories in the various areas of biological sciences

On-The-Job Training/Internship

During the fourth year of the program, students are required to attend an On the Job Training (OJT) in government agencies, biological laboratories, museums, zoos, aquaria, and private organizations.

Students are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge and skills in an actual work setting. Usually, universities require them to submit a written report on their tasks, learning experiences, and hours rendered. Their work performance will also be evaluated by their immediate managers and will be submitted to their respective OJT coordinator. The number of hours required may differ in each university.

Board Exam

The BS in Biology does not have a board examination. However, graduates may opt to take the Civil Service Examination (CSE) conducted by the Philippine Civil Service Commission (PCSC) to qualify in working in government offices. Some graduates opt to take a Master’s degree followed by a Doctorate degree to gain expertise in the industry.

Career Opportunities

Graduates of BS in Biology may pursue a career path in government agencies, biological laboratories, museums, zoos, aquaria, and private organizations. They may apply as a biochemist, biotechnologist, medical manager, financial analyst, pharmaceutical sales representative, physician assistant, or a biological technician.

Find schools offering BS in Biology:

Reviews of BS in Biology graduates:

K. A.
◈ Studied BS in Biology
◈ At Ateneo de Manila University
◈ Graduated 2010

list bulletAbout my college education: Ateneo is known to offer high quality education when it comes to sciences and management. B.S. Biology, which falls under School of Sciences and Engineering (SOSE), is a four-year course with summer classes. It is a quota course, which means that the admission of a student requires getting an average higher than what other courses demand.

I chose BS Biology as my pre-med course because of the extensive knowledge that it offers. When I passed the entrance examination, the university held an orientation for the students in order to get a good grasp about the course's curriculum, the facilities used in the classroom as well as the significance of Bio as a pre-med course especially for those who are opting to go to medical school. My course has two tracks: the research track and the medical track. Research is very advisable to those who want to take a master's degree after college or anyone who really is into research. In contrast, medical track is more appropriate to those who want to be future doctors.

The first two years of Bio include subjects such as Zoology, Histology, Chemistry, Botany and, other Bio-related courses that are considered to be basic sciences in preparation for the more in depth subjects tackled in third and fourth years. Along with these are minor subjects which enabled me to gain friends from other courses. In minor subjects, the student can actually choose his/her own schedule unlike for the major subjects, which falls under the schedule of the block section where the student belongs. My major subjects were very interesting especially the laboratory classes. In my zoology subject, we dissected different kinds of animals in order to determine their anatomy; some of these animals were cats, frogs and turtles. In botany, we studied different species of plants and we even had a trip to a protected area in Batangas, Philippines in order to experience environmental site mapping.

In third year, the major subjects were the main focus. My major subjects are Genetics, Parasitology, Biochemistry, Developmental Biology and, Cell and Molecular Biology. In Genetics, we did PCR, Agarose gel electrophoresis and, DNA extraction of chosen species of plants. My Parasitology class involved dissecting a fruit fly, an earthworm and a cockroach. I also learned how to process a stool and urine culture in my parasitology class. We also did an actual research in my Developmental Biology class. The approach is really very extensive. Not only did I improve my laboratory skills but I was also able to enhance my research and speaking skills especially during defense.

Fourth year is a bit more challenging for me because we had our thesis, which we accomplished for one year. The thesis is only done with a partner and with a chosen thesis adviser. My thesis concerns microbiology entitled, “Comparison of Two Isolation Methods for the Detection of Salmonella from Swine Farm Effluents." I had a lot of fun doing my thesis work. I also had my Physiology class where I learned how to perform laboratory tests done in the hospital such as blood extraction, CBC, blood typing, and lung examination. We also had a trip to Candaba, Pampanga in my Environmental Biology class. We did bird watching for almost 6 hours and it was really very educational. Aside from that is the fun that I got from the trip, particularly the opportunity to bond with my friends and fellow colleagues.

The minor subjects were also very helpful for me, especially in instilling values. In my Philosophy subject, we went to Zambales where they assigned a foster family for us to experience how marginalized people deal with life. It was an eye-opener for us who went there. I really went out of my comfort zone-I tried taking a bath in an open field, hiking for hours just to get to my foster family, having no electrical gadgets because there were no electrical lines to the island, and eating organic foods.

list bulletMy current job: I am currently a 2nd year medical student in Saint Louis University, Baguio City, Philippines. I went to medical school immediately after graduation.

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: Biology as a pre-medical course is very useful in most subjects that I'm currently taking such as Microbiology, Systemic Pathology and Parasitology.
Time and stress management which I learned during my college years have also been very helpful in medical school.

list bulletDo I recommend studying Biology: To those who are Biology enthusiasts, this course is very right for you especially when you are into plants and animals. Biology is also a good choice when you are into researching about health sciences. Although Bio has its own advantage when you are already in med school, basing from experience, I would rather recommend taking up Medical technology or even Nursing courses.
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