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Bachelor of Secondary Education in the Philippines

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Program Overview

Bachelor of Secondary Education (BSED) is a four year degree program designed to prepare students for becoming high school teachers. The program combines both theory and practice in order to teach students the necessary knowledge and skills a high school teacher needs. The program aims to produce competent teachers who provide a conducive learning experience to their students. 

Recommended Senior High School Strand

Students who want to pursue a degree in Secondary Education are encouraged to take the Humanities and Social Sciences strand under the Academic track. The curriculum focuses on human behavior, literature, education, politics, liberal arts, and society. The HUMSS strand will cover relevant topics that may be further discussed in their college lectures. 

Subjects and Curriculum

  • Facilitating Learning

  • Child and Adolescent Development

  • Curriculum Development

  • Educational Technology

  • Principles of Teaching

  • Assessment of Student Learning 

Admission Requirements


  • The student must be a high school graduate. However, if they were not able to graduate high school, they may opt to take the Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college; the availability of courses for PEPT passers depend on the university.

  • The students must pass the College Admissions Test of the university.

Basic Requirements

  • Form 138 - High School Report Card (Original and Photocopy)

  • Recommendation letter from High school principal and guidance counselor

  • Most recent medical and dental health record

  • Copy of NSO Certified birth certificate

  • Certificate of Good moral character

  • Copy of honorable dismissal

  • Copy of high school diploma

  • (1) Latest 2”x2”ID Picture

Program Outcome

Secondary Education graduates are expected to able to:

  • Explain the rootedness of education in philosophical, socio-cultural, historical, psychological, and political contexts

  • Demonstrate mastery of the discipline

  • Facilitate learning using various teaching methodologies appropriate to learners and their environment

  • Develop innovative curriculum, instructional plans, teaching approaches, and resources for different types of learners

  • Abide with professional and ethical teaching standards whether it’s local, national, or global

Majors offered in this program

  • English

  • Filipino

  • Mathematics

  • Sciences

  • Social Studies

  • Values Education

On-The-Job Training/Internship

During the last semester of the BSED program, students are required to attend a Student Practice Teaching as their practicum or On-The-Job training. Student teachers are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge and practice their skills in actual classes. The practice teaching program is done under the supervision of a faculty member as well as the advisory teacher. Formal and informal classroom observations are conducted regularly. Among the requirements of practice teaching is  the creation of plans for classroom management and instruction. The number of hours required may differ in each university.

Board Exam

To become a Licensed teacher in the Philippines, a graduate of Bachelor of Secondary Education needs to pass the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET). The examination is conducted by the Board of Professional Teachers under the supervision of the Professional Regulations Commission (PRC). The LET exam is usually conducted twice a year during the month of January and July.

There is also an option to take the Teacher Certificate Program (TCP), a non-degree program for graduates of any Bachelor’s degree who intend to become teachers. TCP is considered to be the fastest way to get into the Teaching Profession, requiring only 18 units of Professional Education. Individuals who successfully completed the TCP is given a certification and is qualified to take the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET).

Career Opportunities


Graduates of Bachelor of Secondary Education may pursue a career path in any educational institution. They could apply as a teaching assistant, private tutor, subject teacher, high school teacher, or English as a Second Language (ESL) Teacher.

Find schools offering Bachelor of Secondary Education:

Reviews of Bachelor of Secondary Education graduates:

C. N.
◈ Studied Bachelor in Secondary Education
◈ At Tomas Claudio Memorial College
◈ Graduated 2008

list bulletWhy did I choose Secondary Education: I chose this course because I am very interested to teach children, I want to share all the knowledge I have to my students. And to help our family business which is family school.

list bulletAbout my college education: My course is very interesting and challenging. Interesting because I know that I will learn many things while I am teaching. Of course, a teacher will never stop learning. Challenging because as a teacher I will encounter students with different attitudes, co-teachers and problems.

list bulletMy current job: A teacher

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: Of course I have used my course in my current job because I am still teaching for the past six years.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: It did not take long time for me to have this job after my graduation

list bulletDo I recommend studying Secondary Education: Yes, I would recommend this course to others, In employment opportunities, many schools in Public and Private are in need of teachers. As the population grow, the teachers are highly needed. It is an interesting career because you will learn many things aside from being a good teacher. Salary level is good enough but of course it depends on your status as a teacher and from the school you are teaching.

list bulletAdvice to people who are thinking of studying this course: For those who are studying this course, be patient. Study very well and be open for new ideas and information because it will help you to become a good teacher.
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