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Law studies in the Philippines

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  1. Read about the Bachelor of Laws course:
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  2. Find colleges offering Bachelor of Laws programs:

    Find Laws schools

Program Overview

The Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) is a four-year graduate program designed to help students become lawyers. The first two years of the Bachelor of Laws program are spent in rigorous classroom discussions, oral recitations, case study analysis, and debates. During junior and senior years law students will undergo an extensive apprenticeship in a duly recognized law firm, a research court apprenticeship and an on the job training in a government agency or a public legal assistance agency.

Recommended Undergraduate Program

Students who wish to pursue a Bachelor of Laws should have a pre-law undergraduate degree like Political Science, Philosophy, English, Economics, or History. However, students who do not hold an undergraduate program in those fields but still wish to pursue the program may still apply for the program.

Subjects and Curriculum

  • Civil

  • Political

  • Labor

  • Criminal

  • Commercial

  • International 

  • Tax and Remedial laws

Admission Requirements


  • The student must have an undergraduate degree relevant to the program

  • An applicant with a degree not in line with the Bachelor of Laws may still be admitted to the program as long as they take the pre-requisite courses.

  • The student must pass the Philippine Law School Admission Test (PhiLSAT)

  • The student must pass the Graduate Admissions Test of the university

Basic Requirements

  • Undergraduate Transcript of records (Original and Photocopy)

  • Recommendation letters from former professors, deans, or colleagues

  • Letter of intent

  • Most recent medical and dental health record

  • Copy of Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) Certified birth certificate

  • Copy of undergraduate diploma

  • (1) Latest 2”x2”ID Picture

Areas of Specializations

  • Constitutional Law

  • Criminal Law

  • Business Law

  • Labor Law

  • Civil Law

  • Tax Law

  • Family Law

  • Environmental Law

Program Outcome

Graduates of Bachelor of Laws are expected to be able to:

  • Have in-depth knowledge of legal matters, policy, theories, and case studies

  • Practice expertise in law

  • Construct and defend an argument in a persuasive manner

  • Show professional communication skills both oral and written

  • Draft legal documents appropriately

Board Exam

To be a lawyer in the Philippines, a graduate of Bachelor of Laws needs to pass the Philippine Bar Examination conducted by the Supreme Court of the Philippine under the Supreme Court Bar Examination Committee.

Career Opportunities


Graduates of Bachelor of Laws may pursue a career path in the legal sector as a staff attorney, corporation counsel, corporate lawyer, tax lawyer, criminal defense attorney, notary public, civil rights attorney, or a private practice attorney.

Find schools offering Bachelor of Laws:

Reviews of Bachelor of Laws graduates:

R. S.
◈ Studied Bachelor of Laws
◈ At Ateneo de Manila University
◈ Graduated 1985

list bulletWhy did I choose Laws: It was mainly because of my father’s influence. My father himself was a lawyer and he encouraged me to take up the law course after college so when I have finished my B.S. Political Science from the University of Sto. Tomas in Manila, I immediately took up this course.

list bulletAbout my college education: My difficult subject in the 1st year was Constitutional Law because the teacher was a terror. My favorite was Criminal Law because the teacher was nice and not strict. More than 50% of my classmates failed in one subject and they did not have the guts and determination to pursue the law course in this school. In order to remain in this school one has to be ready all the time, whether in oral or written examinations.

There were many important lessons that I learned during this law study. One basic lesson is not to make your teacher get angry at you, another is to make the teacher like you and lastly, but not the least, is to pass the exams by studying well.

Only one-third or even less of the total number of students passed their exams in this course. Most of them transferred to other law schools after they did not pass the “make-up” exams where they failed.

To graduate in this school, one needs the stamina and ability to withstand humiliation in the classroom for giving the wrong or irrelevant and sometimes crazy answer to the question propounded by the teachers. Guts and passion for this course are very much required.

list bulletMy current job: I am now a government retiree but I attend to a few legal cases, especially those to customs and tariffs. For more than twenty years I worked in various capacities such as Collector of the Bureau of Customs in Manila, Cebu, Davao, and Clark Airport. As Collector I was the tasked to make money for the government by exacting the right custom duties and tariffs in the ports where I was assigned.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: Two months after passing the Bar Exams I was hired by a law office in Makati City.

list bulletDo I recommend studying Laws: The law course is one of the most rewarding but one of the hardest. It gives a sense of stability to anyone who graduates from this course and becomes a lawyer. In this country, the lawyers are considered the most respected and most defiled. The late President Ferdinand Marcos was a Bar topnotcher and a great statesman but after more 20 years of dictatorship, he was exiled and was accused as a dictator and of stealing about $10 billion of the Filipino people’s money.

list bulletAdvice to people who are thinking of studying this course: Any one who intends to study law should consider that this is a long, rigorous, costly, and burdensome ordeal that requires a lot of patience, diligence, and many late nights of reading voluminous pages of law subjects - and there are about 8 subjects per semester. The law course is one of the best courses but one of the hardest. Nevertheless, it gives someone a very good perspective and insight about business, governance, and civil relations. A lawyer earns a very high income and can be elected as a Legislator in the House of Representatives or the Senate.

In my law studies I learned that a lawyer needs more than just passing the Bar and being given the license to practice law. There is the unwritten law that there is a great advantage of knowing the right, influential, and persons in the pedestals of power who can make things easier or more rewarding for one’s vested interests. A bigger and more powerful network provides unlimited opportunities for more wealth and richness.
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