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AB in Literature in the Philippines

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Program Overview

The Bachelor of Arts in Literature is a four-year degree program that focuses on teaching students literature from all over the world from an Asian and a Filipino perspective. The program emphasizes theoretical and critical approaches in the analysis of literary genres by studying the nature, function, and value of literature in a comparative context. It also provides skills and training in investigating traditional and contemporary approaches to literary study, literary theory, and the relationship of literature to other branches of arts and sciences. Students will also learn skills in writing and reading creative and critical texts, reportage, and literary scholarship.

Recommended Senior High School Strand

Students who want to pursue a degree in AB in Literature are encouraged to take the Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS) strand under the Academic track. The curriculum focuses on human behavior, literature, education, politics, liberal arts, and society. The HUMSS strand will cover relevant topics that may be further discussed in their college lectures. 

Subjects and Curriculum

  • Introduction to Fiction
  • Introduction to Poetry
  • Introduction to Literary and Cultural Studies
  • Literary Theory and Criticism
  • Creative Writing for Literature Majors
  • Writing for Literature Majors

Admission Requirements


  • The student must be a high school graduate. 

However, if they were not able to graduate high school, they may opt to take the Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college; the availability of courses for PEPT passers depend on the university.

  • The students must pass the College Admissions Test of the university.

Basic Requirements

  • Form 138 - High School Report Card (Original and Photocopy)
  • Recommendation letter from High school principal and guidance counselor
  • Most recent medical and dental health record
  • Copy of NSO Certified birth certificate
  • Certificate of Good moral character
  • Copy of honorable dismissal
  • Copy of high school diploma
  • (1) Latest 2”x2” ID Picture

Program Outcome

Graduates of AB in Literature are expected to be able to:

  • Articulate the latest developments in their specific field of practice
  • Effectively communicate orally and in writing using both English and Filipino languages
  • Work effectively and independently in multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural teams

On-The-Job Training/Internship

During the fourth year of the program, students are required to attend an On the Job Training (OJT) in different companies and organizations within the media industry. Students are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge and skills in an actual work setting. Usually, universities require them to submit a written report on their tasks, learning experiences, and hours rendered. Their work performance will also be evaluated by their immediate managers and will be submitted to their respective OJT coordinator. The number of hours required may differ in each university.

Board Exam

The AB in Literature does not have a board examination. However, graduates may opt to take the Civil Service Examination (CSE) conducted by the Philippine Civil Service Commission (PCSC) to qualify in working in government offices. Some graduates opt to take a Master’s degree followed by a Doctorate degree to gain expertise in the industry. 

Career Opportunities

Graduates of AB in Literature may pursue a career path in different companies and organizations within the media industry like local newspaper organizations, magazine companies, online publications, public relations, and advertising firms. They may apply as a translator, technical writer, book editor, advertising copywriter, public relations writer, manuscript reader, columnist, book critic, and fiction writer. Graduates may also explore work opportunities in schools and universities as an English teacher.

Reviews of AB in Literature graduates:

A. L.
◈ Studied AB in Language and Literature (slightly different course)
◈ At University of the Philippines Baguio
◈ Graduated 2008

list bulletAbout my college education: My life in UP had been one of the most colorful, exciting and challenging episode of my life. First off, it was the first time I was uprooted from my family and be on my own. I had to make all decisions on my own but I trust the manner my parents brought me up. I was stayed at the school dormitory so the strict discipline that I have been accustomed with was sort of maintained. The progressive ideas and academic freedom being upheld by the university helped balance the traditional and conservative manner I was brought up.

The culture in UP Baguio paved the way for my holistic growth. Baguio City is a melting pot of various rich cultures of Northern Luzon. Arts, progressive ideas, and rich traditions thrive within the university and outside the university. There are various organizations/clubs in the school that cater to the potentials of students. As a Language and Literature student, I joined UP Pluma (“pluma” is a Filipino word for “quill”) to further harness my interest in literature, literary criticism, and general humanities subject. Some of the clubs’ activities include poetry reading, discussions on selected readings and discourses, writing, etc. My knowledge, skills and love for literature was not only sharpened but it is also where lifetime friendships were developed. It has been a couple of years since college but my friends back then remain my most trusted friends who I call soul sister/brother.

College in UPB requires sufficient intellect coupled with unrelenting diligence especially when you’re taking up the Language and Literature course. The amount of readings you have to read, digest and do a paper on could be impossible to handle so it is very important to have excellent time management skills and to be focused. Being passionate about reading and writing is also important to be able to enjoy and truly benefit from the academic experience and challenges. Critical thinking is also vital in order to keep up with everyday recitation and to be able to submit quality papers that live up to the UP standards.

list bulletMy current job: I work as an Information Officer/Media Relations Officer at the National Program Management Office (NPMO) of the Conditional Cash Transfer program of the national government which is being implemented by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: Everything that I have learned in college proves to be beneficial in my current career. My job entails a huge amount of writing and editing work. It's easy for me to produce and develop stories, press releases, and reports because of the sufficient training that I went through in college.

Communication skills are also essential in my job and I’m grateful to my education for providing me with sufficient amount of immersion on this aspect. Organizing events, attending meetings, and promoting our program are only some of my functions as an Information Officer wherein I utilize my knowledge and skills on communication. The real-world education that I received in UPB also helped me immediately adjust to the trappings of bureaucracy and to relate to various kinds of people without compromising my principles and integrity.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: I was able to get a job right after graduation.

list bulletDo I recommend studying Language and Literature: I highly recommend this course to young people who are passionate about literature and want to become even more creative, talented, and intelligent. There's wide range of profession that you could pursue after studying this course. You could be a Researcher, Writer, Editor, Publisher, Professor, Communications Specialist, Trainer, Marketing Specialist, and other jobs that require creativity, critical thinking and communication skills.

The salary levels for the jobs available for you are also highly-competitive and career growth is fast. If you are unsure yet about the path you’d like to take, BA Language and Literature is sure to bring you there. If not, it would definitely be, at the least, an instrument to better understand yourself and your place in the world.
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