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AB in Journalism in the Philippines

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Program Overview

The Bachelor of Arts in Journalism is a four-year degree program that deals with the concepts, theories, and principles of news writing, feature writing, editing, copy reading and advertising. The program equips students with the necessary skills to be able to perform editing, design, and production to all media platforms. It also provides a better understanding of producing opinion, interpretative, and analysis pieces for media platforms.

Recommended Senior High School Strand

Students who want to pursue a degree in Journalism are encouraged to take the Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS) strand under the Academic track. The curriculum focuses on human behavior, literature, education, politics, liberal arts, and society. The HUMSS strand will cover relevant topics that may be further discussed in their college lectures. 

Subjects and Curriculum

  • Introduction to Communication
  • Introduction to Communication Theory
  • Introduction to Communication Research
  • Journalism Principles and Practices
  • News Writing
  • Feature Writing
  • Broadcast Journalism
  • Media Ethics
  • Editorial Management
  • Research in Journalism
  • Photojournalism
  • Online Journalism

Admission Requirements


  • The student must be a high school graduate. 

However, if they were not able to graduate high school, they may opt to take the Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college; the availability of courses for PEPT passers depend on the university.

  • The students must pass the College Admissions Test of the university.

Basic Requirements

  • Form 138 - High School Report Card (Original and Photocopy)
  • Recommendation letter from High school principal and guidance counselor
  • Most recent medical and dental health record
  • Copy of NSO Certified birth certificate
  • Certificate of Good moral character
  • Copy of honorable dismissal
  • Copy of high school diploma
  • (1) Latest 2”x2” ID Picture

Program Outcome

Graduates of Journalism are expected to be able to:

  • Properly use of communication information and knowledge
  • Master the use of different media forms
  • Apply communication theories, principles, and models in development work
  • Conduct communication research and methods
  • Adhere to ethical standards and practices

On-The-Job Training/Internship

During the fourth year of the program, students are required to attend an On the Job Training (OJT) in different companies and organizations within the press and media industry including local newspaper organizations, magazine companies, online publications, public relations and advertising firms, television networks, and radio companies. Students are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge and skills in an actual work setting. Usually, universities require them to submit a written report on their tasks, learning experiences, and hours rendered. Their work performance will also be evaluated by their immediate managers and will be submitted to their respective OJT coordinator. The number of hours required may differ in each university.

Board Exam

The BS in Developmental Communication does not have a board examination. However, graduates may opt to take the Civil Service Examination (CSE) conducted by the Philippine Civil Service Commission (PCSC) to qualify in working in government offices. Some graduates opt to take a Master’s degree followed by a Doctorate degree to gain expertise in the industry. 

Career Opportunities

Graduates of AB in Journalism may pursue a career path in different companies and organizations within the press and media industry including local newspaper organizations, magazine companies, online publications, public relations and advertising firms, television networks, and radio companies. They may apply as a media researcher, reporter, feature writer, layout artist, creative writer, sports writer, travel writer, photojournalist, editorial assistant, columnist, or public relations officer.

Reviews of AB in Journalism graduates:

N. M.
◈ Studied AB in Journalism
◈ At University of the Philippines Diliman
◈ Graduated 2008

list bulletAbout my college education: It was definitely interesting and challenging. It was interesting because I got to learn a lot of things that I would never have learned if I decided to study in the province, and it's not just about journalism or writing. I learned a lot about people, places and our culture, because that's what we had to cover for our writing assignments, and for me to be able to write a good article, I had to immerse myself in the topic. It was challenging, yes, because I had never done any of the things I had to do back then (such as talk to strangers, tread on the garbage hills of Payatas, go to Tondo), but I wouldn't really consider it difficult because it's not difficult when you're having fun doing things.

English skills are definitely needed to succeed in Journalism, but we don't only use English in writing our articles. Our professors also encouraged us to write in Filipino because most of us were more versed in English than in our own language. Apart from language skills, you have to be really good with people because you will be dealing with them a lot. You'll be dealing with them when you go out to interview and do research, when you write your articles with a partner and when you have your article critiqued by your classmates and professors. You have to be tough-skinned for this. Not everybody can stay cool and collected when everyone tears apart what she had just poured blood, sweat and tears over to write and revise.

I wouldn't say logical skills are not needed in Journalism, but I think the ability to relate with people and put down words to paper are the two biggest skills you need to have to succeed in this course.

list bulletMy current job: I'm an Internet marketer and an e-book writer.

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: Yes, definitely. Everything I learned about gathering information, thinking critically and writing well I am able to apply in my career as a marketer and a writer.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: I was already working as a managing editor for a Web content production company in Manila during my last semester of college. That was my first job related to my writing skills. In my second and third years, I also worked as an academic tutor for Filipino high school and elementary students.

list bulletDo I recommend studying Journalism: If you want to become a professional writer, I would recommend BA Journalism. Of course, there is also a Creative Writing course and a Malikhaing Pagsusulat course in UP, but I had one of my Creative Writing professors tell me that most of the best creative writers are Journalism students because we have a better hold on reality than the Creative Writing students.

When it comes to employment opportunities, there are a lot of employers out there looking for fresh grad journalists as well as other kinds of writers. I personally don't want to become a "real" journalist in the Philippines, though. By "real", I mean one who writes for a print newspaper or a magazine. That's because this country, especially my province, isn't very safe for journalists and I see myself as definitely one of the hard-hitting types if I went into print. I don't want to get myself killed.

But there are definitely other branches of journalism or communication that you can go into. I don't think we're limited to opportunities in traditional journalism. I, for example, opted to go online after I had so much fun during our online journalism class. I now write for a website about Internet marketing and I'm learning so much about it that I'm thinking of putting up my own Internet marketing venture very soon.

As for the salary level, I can only say that I'm very satisfied with my salary. Because I work at home and I live in the province where everything is cheaper and the air is cleaner, my monthly salary (payment, actually, because I freelance) is more than enough to buy me and my family our needs, my wants and have a huge chunk left over for my savings.
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