BSBA in Management in the Philippines

Bachelor of Science in Business Administration major in Management (BSBA-M), also known as BSBA in Business Management, is a four year degree program designed to equip students with the concepts and principles of Business Management.

The BSBA in Management program teaches students operations and processes that occur within an organization such as procurement, logistics, quality control, project management, manufacturing and marketing.

The BSBA-M program is more specific compared to the generic BSBA curriculum, and focuses on the more authoritative aspects of business like planning business activities, organizing departments and employees, running departments, and generally managing an organization.

Subjects and Curriculum


The subjects in the BSBA-M curriculum are divided into five categories:
  • General Education subjects:
    English, Math, Filipino, Social Sciences and Humanities
  • Basic Business Core:
    Fundamentals of Accounting, Business Computer Application, Business Communication, Basic Finance, Principles of Management and Organization, Human Behavior in Organizations, Principles of Marketing
  • Business Education Core:
    Microeconomics, Obligations and Contracts, Math of Investment, Human Resource Management, Total Quality Management, Principles of Taxation, Social Responsibility and Good Governance, Management Accounting, Entrepreneurial Management, Strategic Management, Financial Management
  • Business Management Professional Subjects:
    Organizational Development, Production and Operations Management, Management Information System, International Business, Training and Development, Compensation Administration, Business Taxation, Labor Law and Legislation
  • Elective Subjects:
    Students are given the choice between two of the following elective subjects: Retail Management, Professional Salesmanship, Marketing Research, Franchising, Sales, Agency, and Credit Transactions and E-commerce.

As of 2006, CHED has released a memorandum order prescribing additional elective subjects on Service Management for Business Process Outsourcing (BPO). Some of these subjects include Fundamentals of Business Outsourcing, Business Communication, Service Culture and Principles of Systems Thinking.

The BSBA-M program is mostly taught to students through classroom lectures. Students are also exposed to educational talks and seminars.

As a requirement for graduation, a student must complete two sets of On the Job Training (OJT) and accomplish a business plan or feasibility study.

Is Business Management a profession?


Business Management is not a profession. A graduate of this program will most likely be employed in establishments and companies to work as Office Personnel, Administrative Assistant, Inventory Assistant, Project Assistant/ Manager, Logistics Management Personnel, Stock Personnel and similar jobs. These careers are not considered professions because they do not require a specialized set of knowledge and skills, nor do they require a government certification.

What are the admission requirements for the BSBA in Management program?


Requirements at each school may differ, but these are the common requirements:
  • Must be a high school graduate.
    Those who did not complete high school education may opt to first attend Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college. However, some universities only offer selected courses for PEPT passers
  • College entrance exam: must pass the college entrance examination with a specified rating set by the school.
  • Interview: must pass the interview conducted by the college dean/faculty.
(See source)

What skills, traits and attitude will help you succeed in this course?


  • Problem-solving skills – the ability to identify, assess, create alternative solutions and solve the actual problem while continuously evaluating for outcomes.
  • Computer Literacy – knowledge of computer use and being able to understand application programs.
  • Communication skills – has excellent written and oral communication skills; a strong command of the English language is important because your work will involve dealing with different kinds of people.
  • Interpersonal skills – establishes and maintains positive mutual working relationships with superiors, workmates and clients
  • Decision making skills – the thought process of selecting a logical choice from the available options.
  • Strategic thinking – involves the generation and application of unique business insights and opportunities intended to create competitive advantage for a firm or organization.
  • Organization – the ability to establish priorities systematically, differentiating between urgent, important, and unimportant tasks.
  • Time Management – able to divide time equally and accomplish tasks on time.

How difficult is BSBA in Management?


BSBA in Management is not a difficult course. While there are advanced subjects that involve mathematics like Calculus and Accounting, the majority of the subjects can be learned if you study hard enough. The workload for this course is reasonable; although you have two sets of on the job trainings (OJT), the number of hours required from these internships are minimal compared to other courses.

One of the challenges of this program is the requirement to complete a business plan/feasibility study. Unlike other undergraduate papers where you only have to choose a topic of interest, a feasibility study involves a more complex process. You need to find a proponent who has plans of creating a business and convince him/her to accept your services in studying whether the business is feasible or not.

How long does it take to complete the BSBA in Management program in the Philippines?


The BSBA in Management program takes four years to complete (Note: this may change due to the K-12 integration). The program may be completed in a shorter time in schools that follow the trimestral curriculum.

On the Job Training (OJT)


Most Business schools in the Philippines who offer the BSBA-M program require their students to complete two sets of on the job trainings (OJT). The first OJT is called Practicum 1 or organization immersion and the second OJT is called Practicum 2 or Professional Internship. A student must choose a corporation in the manufacturing, marketing, service or other types of industries. The OJT programs are done under the supervision of a designated authority in the establishment/office which will evaluate the student periodically and submit the evaluation form to the assigned faculty member. The number of hours required for these OJT programs vary from one school to another. (See source 1, 2, 3)

Civil Service Examination (CSE)


There is no board examination for BSBA in Management.

If you plan on working in the public sector, you can choose to take the competency examination known as the Civil Service Examination. Those who pass the civil service examination are conferred civil service eligibility, a basic requirement in admissibility for government service.

Career opportunities for BSBA-M graduates


  • Entry Level jobs

    Jobs requiring no prior to minimal level of experience:
    • Management Trainee – responsible for working alongside managers and accepting delegated responsibilities and duties with the goal of eventually becoming a manager
    • Office Assistant – supports operations by maintaining budgets, facilities, records, equipment, and building services; completes special projects.
    • Clerical Assistant – under direct supervision, performs a variety of clerical tasks in support of business operations within a department or division; and performs related duties as assigned.
    • Stock Personnel/Controller – responsible for the flow of merchandise from the point of delivery to the sales floor or internal destination
    • Company secretary – act as a point of communication between the board of directors and company shareholders, reporting in a timely and accurate manner on company procedures and developments.
    • Warehouse Assistant – responsible in looking after the movement of sticks from the warehouse or inventory thereby keeping a close watch on the inflow and outflow of goods; also responsible for maintaining the required level of efficiency or safety while handling the movement of goods and keeps record of all these materials.
    • Technical Staff – improve a company's operating systems and infrastructure by reviewing internal processes, mechanisms and procedures, test system efficiency on a regular basis and provide routine maintenance work to meet business requirements.
    • Logistics Management Personnel – responsible for overseeing the inventory management process, defining departmental strategies for appropriate inventory levels, eliminating obsolete and off-spec material, and reduce aging material
    • Personal Banker – offer products and services to banking customers, meeting both personal and branch set goals. A huge part of being a personal banker is attracting and maintaining both new and current customer relations.
  • Mid-Level Positions

    Require trainings and prior job experience of a few years:
    • Retail manager – ensure promotions are accurate and merchandised to the company’s standards, staff is fully versed on the target for the day and excellent customer care standards are met.
    • Fast food restaurant manager – organizing stock and equipment, ordering supplies and overseeing building maintenance, cleanliness and security
    • Administrative Assistant – creates and revises systems and procedures by analyzing operating practices, recordkeeping systems, forms control, office layout, and budgetary and personnel requirements; implementing changes.
    • Human Resource Assistant – supports human resources processes by administering tests; scheduling appointments; conducting orientation; maintaining records and information.
    • Executive Assistant – prepares correspondences, reports, presentations, and manages the executive's schedule.
    • Training and Development Assistant – responsible for creating and implementing training programs and overseeing the development of careers; sets performance metrics, evaluates productivity, and helps workers create long-term career plans within an organization.
    • Inventory Manager – responsible for ensuring that the organization has the right amount of stock to meet customer’s needs and also to avoid overstocking certain items, which ties up cash and storage resources
    • Project Manager – responsible for the planning, management, co-ordination and financial control of a construction project
  • Advanced Positions

    Require years of extensive experience and practice:
    • Operations Manager – manage and increase the effectiveness and efficiency of Support Services (HR, IT and Finance), through improvements to each function as well as coordination and communication between support and business functions.
    • Financial manager – responsible for providing financial advice and support to clients and colleagues to enable them to make sound business decisions
    • Sales Manager – manage the sales administration function, operational performance reporting, streamlining processes and systems wherever possible, and advising senior management on maximizing business relationships and creating an environment where customer service can flourish.
    • Health service manager – responsible for the strategic, financial and day-to-day running of hospital, general practitioner (GP) or community health services
    • Business Development Manager – works to improve an organization’s market position and achieve financial growth; defines long-term organizational strategic goals, builds key customer relationships, identifies business opportunities, negotiates and closes business deals and maintains extensive knowledge of current market conditions.
    • Business Management Consultant – help organizations to solve issues, create value, maximize growth and improve the business performance of their clients.
  • Entrepreneurial and Self-Employment Opportunities

    • Entrepreneur/Business Owner
    • Business Management Consultation firm owner
  • Jobs not related to business management that graduates can apply to

    • Call center agent – answers phone calls and inquiries of clients and provides customer support, usually to people from other countries
    • Freelancer working online – doing online jobs for clients abroad, such as data entry, article writing, SEO, customer support, administrative support etc., which mainly depends on your skills
  • Salary Levels

    A degree in Business Management can lead you to a variety of jobs and industries; your salary level will depend on the field of employment, the work experience and your abilities.

Reviews of BSBA in Management graduates:

L. V.
Studied Bachelor of Science in Commerce, Major in Management (slightly different course)
at Centro Escolar University , Manila
Graduated: 1994

About my college education:
It wasn't that interesting when I shifted to Commerce. I just took the easiest course because at that time, my goal was just to finish school and land a decent job.

When I was already on my 3rd year, our Major subjects got more interesting and a lot more difficult (of course!) -- that was the challenging part.

Taking up a business course requires a lot Mathematical skills, problem solving and Business English.

My current job:
I am working as an Office Manager for a foreign company.

Am I using what I learned in college:
I am using "some" of what I learned from my major subjects when I was in college. My job requires more of English -- since I communicate with everybody in the office; and our bosses are foreigners; and also Math -- as an Office Manager, I also handle some Finance-related matters so I need to use my Basic Accounting and Financial Management skills.

How long did it take to find a job after graduation:
It took me around 2 months to land my first job.

Do I recommend studying Bachelor of Science in Commerce, Major in Management:
I would recommend B.S. Commerce to those who would like to work in an office environment. But I would suggest that you take up Accountancy or Computer Science/MIS as your Major because these courses are more in demand both here and abroad.

Management Major would let you get a job easily -- you could be a bank employee/staff; secretary; office assistant. But if you easily get bored, this is not the right course for you. Office work is a "routine." You also have to be well-organized and not forgetful about dates and events.

Normally, the starting salary for office jobs is the "minimum" wage as required by law. It will go up depending on your performance but don't expect it to be that high unless you take a Master's Degree. That would really help you upgrade not just your salary but your position level as well.
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