BS in Industrial Technology in the Philippines

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Program Overview

Bachelor of Science in Industrial Technology (BSIT) is a four year degree program designed to equip students with the principles and procedures of shop training and technology repair works. It also trains students in the operation and maintenance of technical systems and equipment used in mechanical design and construction technology.

The BS in Industrial Technology program provides students with knowledge in the manufacturing process, mechanical and electronic systems, quality assurance and control, materials science, packaging, production and operations management, and manufacturing facility planning and design.

There are schools who offer a ladderized curriculum for the BSIT program. To receive a specific certificate, students are required to take the TESDA Competency Assessments. Once a student passes the assessment test, he/she shall be issued the National Certificate (NC) for the particular test.

Subjects and Curriculum

The subjects in the BS in Industrial Technology curriculum are divided into three main categories:
  • General Education core
    Language and Humanities Cluster, Mathematics, Computer and Natural Science Cluster, Social Sciences Cluster, Mandated Subjects
  • Professional Core
    • Theory and Concepts: Introduction to Psychology, Child and Adolescent Development, Learners Development and Environment, Facilitating Learning, Social Dimensions of Education, The teaching profession including the Code of Ethics, Curriculum Development (Project Planning and Development), Technology in the Learning Environment,
    • Methods and Strategies of Teaching technology: Principles of Teaching, Strategies of Teaching, Educational Technology, Assessment of Student Learning, Career Guidance and Counselling, Experiencing the Teaching Learning Process, Developmental Reading, Exploring the Curriculum
  • Industrial Technology Core
    Basic Drafting, Carpentry and Masonry, Basic Electricity, Commercial Graphic Arts, General Metal Works, Plumbing, Handicraft, Auto-Electrical, Elementary Agriculture, Refrigeration and Air-conditioning with HVAC, Computer Aided Design, Occupational Health and Safety Practices, Basic Electronics, Automotive, Technopreneurship
The BS in Industrial Technology program is taught to students through classroom lectures and practicum exercises. In the 4 years of study, you will have alternating classroom discussions and hands on or practicum exercises. Students are also exposed to field observations and scheduled seminars about specialized topics and recent advances in the field of Industrial Technology.

As a requirement for graduation, a student must complete an On the Job Training (OJT) and accomplish an undergraduate thesis study.

Is Industrial Technology a profession?

Industrial Technology by itself is not a profession. Each specialization, combined with a certificate and/or professional experience, makes one a professional in a specific field. There are many types of technicians and mechanics, each specializing in a specific field of expertise (Automotive, Electrical, Electronics, Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Computer, Mechanical, Welding and Fabrication, etc). Each of these jobs is considered a profession, because it requires a specialized set of skills and sometimes a certificate.

What are the admission requirements for the BS in Industrial Technology program?

Requirements at each school may differ, but these are the common requirements:
  • Must be a high school graduate.
    Those who did not complete high school education may opt to first attend Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college. However, some universities only offer selected courses for PEPT passers.
  • College entrance exam: must pass the college entrance examination with a specified rating set by the school.
  • Interview: must pass the interview conducted by the college dean/faculty.

What skills, traits and attitude will help you succeed in this course?

  • Strong Technical Skills – the knowledge and ability to learn, operate and control properly and safely an extensive range of equipment, tools and systems used in the field.
  • Logical skills – the ability to determine how a system should work and how changes in conditions, operations, and the environment will affect outcomes
  • Problem solving skills – the ability to identify problems and review related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
  • Detail Oriented – the ability to notice and identify even the most minute problems in a system, process or equipment
  • Endurance – the ability to work in uncomfortable environments: noisy, hot or cold environment, and getting dirty on a regular basis.
  • Computer Literacy – basic knowledge of computer use and being able to understand application software used in creating models of designs and systems
  • Patience – during practicum exercises, you will not always be able to identify and fix the problem in a machine or equipment right away so you have to extend your patience and continue working.

How difficult is BS in Industrial Technology?

BS in Industrial Technology is not a difficult course, assuming you have interest in fixing and repairing things. The workload for this program is not as heavy compared to other courses. During your hands on exercises, you will be asked to repair machines, engines and other equipment; you will get dirty and smeared so you have to be able to accept this kind of work. Technical proficiency is very important; you must have the innate ability to work well with instruments and tools because if not, you will find it difficult to understand lessons taught in the program.

How long does it take to complete the BSIT program in the Philippines?

The BSIT program takes four years to complete (Note: this may change due to the K-12 integration). The program may be completed in a shorter time in schools that follow the trimestral curriculum.

On the Job Training (OJT)

A student of the BSIT program is required to attend an on the job training (OJT) in a shop, industrial company or firm and in manufacturing industries. During the OJT, students are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge and practice their skills in actual settings. The OJT program is done under the supervision of a designated authority in the establishment/office which will evaluate the student periodically and submit the evaluation form to the assigned faculty member. The number of hours required for the OJT varies from one school to another.

Specializations

  • Automotive Technology – the design, construction and operation of motor, engines and automobiles.
  • Electrical Technology – the design and development of high-voltage systems and components such as motors, generators, heaters, electrical power transmission and distribution systems, radio wave and optical systems, converters, and control systems for operating light and heavy machinery.
  • Electronics Technology – concerned with the development, behavior, and applications of electronic devices and circuits.
  • Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Technology – the design and development of household refrigerators, industrial freezers, cryogenics, and air conditioning.
  • Food Technology – the application of food science to the selection, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution, and use of safe food.
  • Drafting – the systematic representation and dimensional specification of mechanical and architectural structures.
  • Computer Technology – the design, construction and programming of computers
  • Civil Technology – drafting, cartography, traffic technology and the analysis of construction materials to support construction, engineering, and architecture for roads, bridges and other public structures.
  • Mechanical Technology – introduces students to the principles, materials, and equipment of mechanical technology. Emphasis is placed on drafting, design, and an understanding of basic machine components.
  • Garments Technology – teaches students the fabrication or sculptural process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics
  • Welding and Fabrication Technology – involves lessons that provide students with the knowledge in the inspection and analysis of fabrics, materials and methods used in the production of clothing.
The following are the National Certificates (NC) issued by TESDA for the BS in Industrial Technology program, according to major:
  • Automotive Technology
    • 1st year: Certificate in Automotive Servicing
    • 2nd year: Certificate in Automotive Engine Rebuilding, Automotive Body Repairing, Automotive Body Painting/Finishing
  • Electronics Technology
    • 1st to 3rd year: Certificate in Electronics Technology
  • Electrical Technology
    • 1st year: Certificate in Building Wiring Installation
    • 2nd year: Certificate in Automation and Mechatronics
  • Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Technology
    • 1st year: Certificate in Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (RAC) Servicing
    • 2nd year: Certificate in Transport Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (RAC) Servicing
    • 3rd year: Certificate in Ice Plant Refrigeration Servicing
  • Food Technology
    • 1st year: Certificate in Food Processing, Food and Beverage Services
    • 2nd year: Certificate in Commercial Cooking, Bartending, Baking/Pastry Production
  • Computer Technology
    • 2nd year: Certificate in PC Operations, Computer Hardware Servicing, Programming
    • 3rd year: Certificate in Graphics/Commercial Arts with computer application
  • Civil Technology
    • 1st year: Certificate in Carpentry, Scaffold Erection and Masonry
    • 2nd year: Certificate in Plumbing, Tile Setting, Finishing Carpentry and Construction Painting
    • 3rd year: Certificate in Construction Management
  • Mechanical Technology
    • 1st to 3rd year: Certificate in Machining
  • Garments Technology
    • 2nd to 3rd year: Certificate in Dressmaking, Tailoring
  • Welding and Fabrication Technology
    • 1st year: Certificate in Shielded Metal Arc Wedding (SMAW)
    • 2nd year: Certificate in Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)

Career opportunities for BS Industrial Technology graduates

  • Jobs related to the BSIT program

    • Machinist – set up and operate a variety of machine tools to produce precision parts and instruments; includes precision instrument makers who fabricate, modify, or repair mechanical instruments.
    • Technician/Mechanic – repair and maintain almost any machinery or device by using their advanced knowledge of many different systems and technology.
      The following are different types of mechanics and technicians, according to specialization:
      • Automotive technician – work in repair shops where they repair, inspect and maintain cars and other light vehicles.
      • Electrical Technician – install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. May install or service street lights, intercom systems, or electrical control systems.
      • Electronics technician – lays out, builds, tests, troubleshoots, repairs and modifies developmental and production electronic components, parts, equipment, and systems
      • Refrigeration and Air-conditioning technician – responsible for installing, maintaining and repairing heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and refrigeration systems. These professionals work in industrial, residential and commercial settings.
      • Computer technician – install, maintain and repair computer systems and equipment.
      • Mechanical technician – responsibilities include maintenance, troubleshooting, and repair of all mechanical and hydraulic- and diesel-powered equipment.
      • Welding and Fabrication technician – specialize in fabricating products by joining together materials like steel, brass, stainless steel and aluminum.
      • Food Technologist – responsible for the safe and efficient development, modification and manufacture of food products and processes.
      • Garments Technologist – inspects and analyzes fabrics, materials and methods used in the production of clothing.
      • Drafting Technician – draft detailed dimensional drawings and design layouts for projects and to ensure conformance to specifications.
      • Robotics Technician – build, install, test, or maintain robotic equipment or related automated production systems.
    • Machine Operator – work with heavy machinery from setup to operation. Machine operators might work with computer-controlled equipment or more mechanically based machines to make sure they are set up properly, working well, and producing quality product.
    • Drafter – use software to convert the designs of engineers and architects into technical drawings and plans.
    • Industrial Technologist – plans and coordinates production activities to ensure that production runs smoothly and stays within budget.
    • Quality assurance technician – tests and inspects products and parts in a manufacturing environment to ensure the quality of the product.
    • College/vocational instructor – teaches industrial technology in a university, college and vocational school.
    • Cost estimator – assess the cost of parts, materials and labor needed to produce goods.
    • Safety coordinator – plan and execute the site safety function requirements; implement preventive measure and recommend improvement on the unsafe conditions/material/equipment.
    • Site supervisor – oversees and manages all aspects of a construction site. This can include preparing budgets, hiring team members, and handling all logistical and operations duties.
    • Project Manager, Construction – responsible for the planning, management, co-ordination and financial control of a construction project.
    • Production manager – responsible for the technical management, supervision and control of industrial production processes.
    • Operations manager – ensures the day to day operations of a construction project.
  • Jobs not related to the BSIT program

    • Call center agent – answers phone calls and inquiries of clients and provides customer support, usually to people from other countries
    • Administrative Staff – personnel responsible for the organization and management of office duties and tasks; positions that include office secretary, personal assistant and office clerk
    • Freelancer working online – doing online jobs for clients abroad, such as data entry, article writing, SEO, customer support, administrative support etc., which mainly depends on your skills
  • Career Opportunities Abroad

    Industrial Technology graduates are in demand abroad. Most jobs related to this program are in the skilled workers sector, which is in demand in many foreign countries, most especially the Middle East, Canada, Australia and Singapore. Filipinos are usually employed in foreign countries as welders, iron worker, machinist, machine operators and similar jobs.

    Although most jobs offered abroad are at entry level, these jobs usually pay higher than the midlevel and advanced positions in the Philippines.
    (See sources 1, 2, 3)
  • Salary Levels

    A degree in Industrial Technology can lead to a variety of jobs; examples of these jobs where listed previously. The monthly salaries in the Philippines for a few relevant jobs are as follows:
    • Machinist
      • 1-4 Years Experienced Employee: P 10,000 to P 16,000
      • Supervisor / 5 Years & Up Experienced Employee: P 15,000 to P 25,000 (see source)
    • Mechanic
      • 1-4 Years Experienced Employee: P 9,200 to P 16,000
      • Supervisor / 5 Years & Up Experienced Employee: P 15,000 to P 25,000 (see source)
    • Technician
      • Fresh Grad / < 1 Year Experienced Employee: P 8,000 to P 12,000
      • 1-4 Years Experienced Employee: P 10,000 to P 15,000
      • Supervisor / 5 Years & Up Experienced Employee: P 14,000 to P 22,000
      • Assistant Manager / Manager: P 15,000 to P 20,000 (see source)

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Reviews of BS in Industrial Technology graduates:

A. K.
◈ Studied B.S. in Industrial Technology
◈ At Cotabato State University
◈ Graduated 2007

list bulletWhy did I choose Industrial Technology: My best friend came to me and told me that we should take this course, and we should go to the same school, and since he was starting to irritate me I just said yes.

list bulletAbout my college education: I cannot remember anything special or practical but I think the most practical thing I learned in school is that in business one must be good at mathematics. To tell you I do not like math but I passed it. One of the best part of our school activity was that we often go to retreats, I like it most when our class go outdoors.

list bulletMy current job: I currently work as a cashier at Yellow Cab Pizza, This occupation is not that high paying, but the salary here is better than the last time that I was working at Cotabato. Today I earn 42.00 pesos per hour.

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: When I was studying in college we were taught to be always honest and hardworking. I never forgot that and I am happy that through my honesty and diligence my employer continues to trust me.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: After graduating it didn’t take me long to look for a job. There was a newly opened pharmacy at our Barangay that time and I thought that I should try my luck. I applied for any position that was available. Luckily after 1 month they called and hired me to work as a customer service staff.

list bulletDo I recommend studying Industrial Technology: Working as a cashier the salary level would range from P7,400 – P8,500/month.
An industrial technology graduate will most likely get the job as a supervisor, if you were to work as a supervisor the salary level would range P7,800 – P 9,700/month. Comparing a cashier’s salary to a supervisor’s salary it is almost the same, the only difference is being a supervisor means having more work to do. One of the reasons I applied for cashier is due to the comparison of the salary.

list bulletAdvice to people who are thinking of studying this course: I would advise anyone who considers taking up Industrial Technology to read a lot and not depend on the teachers. They are there only to guide you but not to teach a lot. Like one of our professor said “I am only here to guide you to your goal, I am not here to do it for you”.
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