BS in Hotel and Restaurant Management in the Philippines

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Program Overview

The Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Management (BSHRM) program is geared towards equipping students with the necessary knowledge, skills and attitude to provide quality service in the hospitality industry. The program contains subjects that will address the needs of different sectors in the hospitality industry, such as culinary, front office, tourism, resort and hotel operations. Its primary concentration is on the development of practical and management skills which are achieved through the combination of theoretical classes, practicum exercises and experiential learning.

Graduates of this course will possess business management and accounting skills to be able to compute daily sales, recipe costing/cost control and inventory management. The program also helps students to develop effective communication and interpersonal skills which are essential in establishing positive employer/employee/customer relations.

What are the admission requirements for the BSHRM program in the Philippines?

  • Minimum height requirement: 5"2 for women and 5"4 for men.
  • Must be a high school graduate
    for students who were not able to complete secondary level of education, admission is still possible as long as you passed the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT).
  • Entrance exam: pass the college entrance examination.
  • Interview: pass the interview conducted by the college admission officer.

What skills are required to succeed in this course?

There are no specific skills required for BSHRM because everything can be learned. However, you need to possess certain attitudes and qualities for you to succeed in this course:
First, you have to be comfortable giving service to others. This means that you enjoy and take pride in your work; Secondly, you must be approachable and friendly while maintaining professionalism; Most importantly, you have to be an effective communicator, both in written and oral English. You will meet and provide service to different people of different nationalities, to eliminate the language barrier, you have to speak English well enough to be understood.

How difficult is this course?

The difficulty level of BSHRM is quite low. Although there are business management and accounting subjects incorporated in its curriculum, mathematical skills are required at a very minimal level. BSHRM is a convenient course for students who are only seeking to achieve a college degree.

Is Hotel & Restaurant Management a profession?

Hotel & Restaurant Management is not considered a profession. It does not have a specific and peculiar set of theoretical knowledge that can only be understood by students taking the course. It also does not entail great responsibility and accountability as most professions do.

How long does it take to complete the BSHRM program in the Philippines?

The BSHRM program takes 4 years to complete (Note: this may change due to the K-12 integration). The program may be completed in a shorter time in schools that follow the trimestral curriculum.
The duration is spent in classrooms for theoretical classes, practicum exercises and on the job trainings/practicum program ( local or international ).

Training and internship

There are certain schools that have partnered with international business establishments in the hospitality industry that offer internships for students who can afford the expenses to go abroad.
Before students are immersed in hotels and restaurants, they have to undergo a hands on test first. For example, if the topic is bartending, the student will usually perform this infront of a designated teacher who will taste and assess his skills. By the end of the exercise, the teacher will grade and inform the student if he is indeed ready to be placed in a practicum program with a certain establishment.
According to CHED (the official governing body of higher education institutions), the suggested number of hours for on the job training required for the BSHRM program is 420 hours. (See source)

Is there a board examination for BSHRM?

There is no board examination for BSHRM.
However, there is a competency examination that is taken by graduates who wish to work in the government or public sector. This exam is called the Civil Service Examination.

Career opportunities for BSHRM graduates

  • Entry Level jobs

    Jobs designated for recent/fresh graduates of BSHRM who have no prior experience.
    • Front Office agent/Front Desk clerk – a person who takes charge of guest reception inquiries and reservations, checks in guests upon arrival as well as giving the best customer service to promote a positive first impression
    • F&B service attendant – a person who takes customer orders, ensures tables are clear and carries dishes back to the kitchen area
    • Housekeeping attendant – a person who cleans, changes linens and places things in order in hotel rooms
    • Bartender or bar attendant – a person who serves alcoholic beverages; responsibilities include maintaining supplies and inventory for the bar and mixing a variety of cocktails
    • Cruise Line Staff – maintains passenger cabins and runs the restaurant, bar, recreation area and retail shops inside a cruise ship
    • Commis – junior chef
  • Advanced Positions

    Require years of experience and practice.
    • Food and Beverage Director – manages the whole operation and control of the food and beverage department
    • Restaurant Manager – responsible in overseeing the entire planning, directing and coordinating operations of a restaurant; they are also tasked to do financial record keeping, hiring, handling and firing of employees
    • Front Office Manager – supervises front office personnels and ensures that all front desk duties are properly completed; they are also responsible in the preparation of the budget for the front office department
    • Executive Housekeeper – supervises activities of cleaning personnels to ensure well kept hotel rooms
    • Chef – a chef is someone in charge of the whole food service operation including menu planning, purchasing, hiring and staffing
    • Food Service Consultant – independent professionals who have a wide knowledge and experience on food service and the hospitality industry, they serve as advisor to people and help them achieve their goals
    • Academician – a graduate of BSHRM who teaches at a college
  • Jobs not related to BSHRM that graduates can apply to

    • Call center agent – answers phone calls and inquiries of clients and provides customer support, usually to people from other countries
    • Administrative Staff – personnel responsible for the organization and management of office duties and tasks; positions that include office secretary, personal assistant and office clerk
  • Career Opportunities Abroad

    BSHRM graduates are one of the most sought after employees in terms of work abroad. Career opportunities are more or less the same with the above mentioned job positions. The salary levels can be 3 to 6 times higher then in the Philippines.

Salary Levels

Usually, in the Philippines, BSHRM graduates hired in entry level jobs are paid a minimum wage.
The following are some common jobs and their monthly salaries
(source: jobstreet, 2017):
Fresh Grad 1-4 Years
Experienced Employee
Supervisor
/ 5 Years & Up
Experienced Employee
Assistant Manager
/ Manager
Front Desk Officer P 8K–12K P 9–15K
Waiter P 8K–12K P 9.5–15K P 12K–20K
Food & Beverage Attendant P 8K–12K P 10K–15K
Room Attendant P 8K–12K
Bartender P 11K–16K
Barista P 8K–12K P 10K–15K P 13K–20K
Commis P 10K–18K
Cook P 9K – 13K P 12K–15K P 14K–20K
Line Cook P 12K–17K
Chef P 14K–18K P 16K–25K P 25K–40K
Kitchen Supervisor P 15K–20K
Front Office Manager P 25K–45K
Restaurant Manager P 18K–30K
Hotel Operations Manager P 20K–40K

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Reviews of BS in Hotel and Restaurant Management graduates:

J. T.
◈ Studied BS in Hotel and Restaurant Management
◈ At STI College - Fairview
◈ Graduated 2012

list bulletAbout my college education:
BSHRM was not my first choice of course. I really would like to pursue a career related to advertising, photography and the likes. However, fate decided to intervene and suddenly I realized that I am taking up HRM. It was not enjoyable at first due to subjects like housekeeping and Food and beverage services which honestly, I look down on this kind of jobs before. But as I continue to study the course, I fell in love with it, especially the food preparation side. It is because of this course that I discovered my love for cooking and it quickly turned into a passion. I also fell in love with all the things related to the food and hospitality industry. I gave great respect to all those people who are working in this industry and I am also proud to be a part of it now.

For skills needed to succeed in this course? My answers is that you don't really need the skills before you decided to take up this course. What you need is the proper attitude. You can hone your skills while studying this course but you must be prepared mentally and physically to do it. Taking up BSHRM may not give you fancy sounding job positions but it will certainly can give you a job that you can be proud of.

list bulletMy current job:
I am currently working as a cook at Alfredo's Steak House as I discovered that I love to cook and I am really happy with my job.

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college:
Yes, and I mostly use the things I learned with food preparation.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job after graduation:
Roughly 2 months after graduation, I took up my OJT in the establishment I am working right now and after I graduated, they messaged me if I want to work with them.

list bulletDo I recommend studying HRM:
Yes, if it's your passion and if you are decided that this course would make you do what you are happy about. If you are undecided, then you should try if it is for you even for one semester.
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