The Bachelor of Science in Electronics and Communications Engineering
(BS-ECE), also known as Bachelor of Science in Electronics Engineering
, is a 5-year college program which focuses on the conceptualization, design and development of electronic, computer and communication products, systems, services and processes.
In comparison with BS Electrical Engineering
, which deals with the general aspect of design and development of electrical equipments, such as power generators and electric motors, BS Electronics and Communication Engineering is a branch of Electrical Engineering which focuses on the study of design and development of Electronic equipments such as semiconductors and transmitters to be use in distant communications.
The BS ECE curriculum, built around a strong basic core of mathematics, physics and engineering, provides teaching and training activities in the classroom and in laboratory exercises. Subjects covered include communications device and networks systems, audio and video processing, radio and TV broadcasting, industrial electronics and instrumentation, integrated circuits design and more. This theoretical foundation is later practiced at on-the job training period to enhance the student’s professional preparation.
Is Electronics and Communications Engineering a profession?
Electronics and Communications Engineering is a profession. A graduate of BS-ECE who passed the Electronic Engineering Licensure Examination is called an Electronics and Communications Engineer.
What are the admission requirements for BS-ECE?
Requirements at each school may differ, but these are the common requirements:
- Must be a high school graduate.
Those who did not complete high school education may opt to first attend Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college. However, some universities only offer selected courses for PEPT passers admission.
- Must pass the college entrance examination
- Must pass the interview conducted by the college / university admission officer
- Medical laboratory results and health certificate
- Good Moral certificate from the previous school (sometimes from enrollee’s Barangay)
- Some schools require particular rating in the National Secondary Assessment Test (NSAT)
- Some schools require particular high school grade or gross point average
What skills will help you succeed in this course?
- Analytical skills – identify and assess inefficiencies and problems in software and hardware processes
- Mathematical skills – the ability to solve and use different computational methods
- Technical Skills – the ability to accomplish mathematical, engineering, scientific or computer–related duties, as well as other specific tasks
- English skills – the ability to read, write and converse well in English is essential, as most technical literature is in English.
- Creativity – ability to propose concepts and create prototype for classroom presentation
- Interpersonal skills – will help you in studying together with classmates, doing group assignments and forming connections with friends and colleges.
Knowledge in computers is not a prerequisite for this course, but it helps to be able to learn and operate computer applications.
How difficult is this course?
BS in Electronics and Communications Engineering is a difficult and demanding course as it requires an innovative and logical mindset, and the ability to constantly learn and apply new concepts and technologies. Several subjects in this program deal with scientific computations and analysis. Thesis, research and projects on recommended track electives are required. However, the latter part of the curriculum is quite interesting as it will be spent on telecommunication or a broadcasting company to expose the students in actual areas of industries and provide them hands-on practice.
How long does it take to complete BS in Electronics and Communication Engineering in the Philippines?
Normally, the BS-ECE takes 5 years to complete. Schools which go by the Trimester school calendar require less time to finish the course.
On The Job Training / Internship
As mandated by CHED
(the official governing body of Higher Education Institutions in the Philippines), on-the-job training (OJT) or practicum is optional depending on the discretion of the institute providing the BS ECE program (source
). Most Schools prefer to include OJT of about 360 hours in their curriculum to ensure the efficiency of students in this field.
During the on–the–job training program, students are assigned to work at a company, organization or a government agency that needs specified ECE services. Programmers, data researchers, computer technicians and web designers are always in demand for internships. An On-the-Job Training (OJT) at television and radio Stations, telecommunication companies, and companies that manufacture semiconductors and biomedical products may also be facilitated by the school to provide hands-on practice of the things learned under this course.
- Computer and Control System – is the engineering discipline that analyzes user requirements and the design of process and/or mechanical equipment to design automation systems that will cause the equipment to function in the desired manner.
- Mobile Communications Technology – is an engineering field which focuses on improving the functionality and reliability of mobile devices and servers. The program teaches analog and digital electronics, computers and networking, electronic and digital communications systems, and mobile wireless communications systems and devices.
- Network Administration – concentrates on various aspects of network hardware and software maintenance and monitoring, configuring and supporting a local area network (LAN) and a wide area network (WAN), Internet systems and segments of network systems
- Robotics – focuses on design and development of robots that can carry out tasks in industrial plants, medical facilities, or battlefields.
The Board Exam
An Electronics and Communications Engineering graduate need to take the Electronic Engineering Licensure Examination before he/she can practice as an Electronics and Communications Engineer. The examination is conducted by the Board of Electronic Engineering
under the supervision of the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC)
. It is scheduled twice a year in the months of April and October. The main subjects of the ECE Board exam are Mathematics, Electronics Engineering, General Engineering and Applied Sciences (GEAS) and Electronics Systems and Technologies.
After graduation, students have 5-6 months review time before the October exam. Those who completed the course on irregular timeframe typically choose the April examination date. Review programs are usually provided for by the school. However, some students decide on enrolling at specialized review centers.
Passing Rates for the Electronic Engineering Licensure Exam
Career opportunities for BS-ECE graduates
Entry Level jobs jobs designated for recent board passers who have no prior experience:
- Electrical and electronics installers – install, repair, or replace a variety of electrical equipment in telecommunications, transportation, utilities, and other industries.
- Technical support engineer – Experience in installation, maintenance and repair of telecommunication radio portables, single channel, pagers, mobile radio and telephone network is an advantage.
- Telecommunications Field Service Engineer – Troubleshoot and repair full line of power equipments. Perform preventive maintenance routines and identify power plant discrepancies
- Junior Program Analyst – Composes draft in a variety of electronic formats for delivery via presentation, electronic broadcast, or submission to senior authorities.
Mid-Level Positions Require trainings and prior job experience of a few years:
- Telecommunications Engineer – designs and oversee the installation of telecommunications equipment or facilities at telecommunication companies (e.g. PLDT/Digitel).
- Broadcast Engineer – oversee the transmission of signals and the automation of broadcast programs usually at TV or radio stations.
- Computer Systems Engineer – work out specific computer systems that match the company’s operational needs in a particular field.
- Optics Engineer – work by developing imaging tools and consumer mechanics where they design and develop devices and gadgets like TVs, computers, mobile phones.
- Instrumentation and Controls Engineer – Provide primary control system hardware/software support, instrumentation, and process engineering /optimization to a variety of field
- Biomedical Engineer – tasked with designing and developing electronic medical equipment
- Optical Networks Technical Marketing Engineer – applies optoelectronic engineering test principles and concepts to the development efforts of serial and parallel optical modules in the high speed areas:
- Satellite Communications Engineer – provides oversight to help design and develop satellite network. This includes designing satellite network updates, monitoring system performance and diagnosing and fixing network problems.
Advanced Positions Require years of extensive experience and practice:
- • Senior Telecommunications Engineer – Provide technical expertise for design, implementation, coordination, and operation of a Telecommunications system
- • Telecommunications Project Engineer – Ensure Engineering activities are prioritized in accordance with the Scope of Work and the approved Project schedule
- • Senior Instrumentation and Controls Engineer – Senior Instrumentation and Controls Engineer
- Senior Manufacturing Engineer – develops, implements and maintains world class manufacturing methods, processes and operations for new and existing products to assure the highest level of customer satisfaction and to meet the profitability objectives of the company
- Systems and Storage Administrator – perform reporting, analysis, monitoring, and troubleshooting using tools such as Operating System utilities and hardware diagnostic utilities.
- Academician – faculty members, instructors, and professors in an institution that provides Electronics and Communication Engineering education
Jobs for Non Board Passers
- • Engineering Technicians – help engineers design and develop computers, communications equipment, medical monitoring devices, navigational equipment, and other electrical and electronic equipment.
- • Electronics Technicians – performs minor troubleshooting if board is not functioning properly after assembly of hardware. Assemble hardware on printed circuit boards and complete system builds
Jobs not related to BS-ECE that graduates can apply to
- Call center agent – answers phone calls and inquiries of clients and provides customer support, usually to people from other countries
- Administrative Staff – personnel responsible for the organization and management of office duties and tasks; positions that include office secretary, personal assistant and office clerk
- Freelancer working online – doing online jobs for clients abroad, such as data entry, article writing, SEO, customer support, administrative support etc., which mainly depends on your skills
Career Opportunities Abroad There are job opportunities abroad for Filipinos in fields of Telecommunication and Electronics.
Graduates of BS in Electronics and Communication Engineering from the Philippines are sought after in countries such as Malaysia, Korea, Singapore and Gulf countries like Qatar, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia (source).
Salary Levels In the Philippines, the salary range of entry level jobs for freshly graduate Electronics/Communication Engineers is about php7,000 to 14,000 per month while more experienced engineers can earn 22,000 to php39,000per month. (based on data gathered from JobStreet.com.ph for Electronics Engineering job).
Salaries for those who work abroad are generally much higher.