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AB in Sociology in the Philippines

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Program Overview

Bachelor of Arts in Sociology (AB SOCIOLOGY) is a four year degree program that aims to equip students with sociological perspectives and skills necessary for understanding social issues and problems. It also teaches students how to explain and analyze the development of society and culture as well as human interactions based on historical context. The AB Sociology program provides a strong foundation on the theories and concepts of social processes, belief systems, human society, culture, and social interactions.

Subjects and Curriculum

The subjects in the AB Sociology curriculum are divided into four main categories:
  • General Education Courses: Language and Humanities Cluster, Mathematics, Computer and Natural Science Cluster, Social Sciences Cluster, Mandated Subjects
  • Core Courses: Introduction to Sociology, Social Institutions, Sociological Theories, Statistics in the Social Sciences, Ethnicity and Peace Studies, Special Topics in Sociological Theory, Human Ecology, Social Psychology, Sociological Analysis, Readings in Sociology
  • Sociology Professional Courses: Philippine Contemporary Social Issues, Methods of Socio Research, Community Development, Sociology of Education, Sociology of Laws and Politics, Deviant Behavior and Social Control, Sociology of Religion, Rural Sociology, Industrial Sociology, Dynamics of group behavior, Special Topics in Research Methods, Social Change and Development, Gender and Development, Survey of Social Theories, Society and Culture with family planning, Philippine culture and social system, Society and Population with Urbanization
  • Elective courses

The AB Sociology program is taught to students through classroom lectures. In addition, students are exposed to community immersions where they are asked to observe the behavior of a certain group of people in the community and create a sociological analysis out from the experience. Other activities include going on field trips to relevant agencies/places and attending educational talks and seminars regarding current trends in sociology.

A major requirement in the AB Sociology program is the completion of an undergraduate thesis. This is done under the guidance of a research adviser. The thesis must be completed within the second semester, after that the student must face a panel who judge and grade his/her work. As for the Practicum/OJT, not all schools incorporate this requirement in AB Sociology’s course curriculum.

AB in Sociology vs BS in Social Work

AB in Sociology and BS in Social Work are somehow related courses but there are major differences in their curriculum.

AB Sociology focuses on studying human behavior and human society while BS in Social Work’s primary target is to teach practical applications and techniques to help people solve personal problems and alleviate social issues. BS in Social work is a more hands-on field program, while AB in Sociology is more theoretical in nature.

In addition, BS in Social work is has a licensure examination while AB in Social Work does not.

Both courses have more or less the same admission requirements and duration of four years.

Is Sociology a profession?

The only persons who are called ‘Sociologists’ are researchers, mainly in the academic world.

Most graduates on AB Sociology will not go on to become researchers and college professors, and will work in a variety of occupations that are mostly not related to Sociology.

What are the admission requirements for the AB in Sociology program?

Requirements at each school may differ, but these are the common requirements:
  • Must be a high school graduate.
    Those who did not complete high school education may opt to first attend Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college. However, some universities only offer selected courses for PEPT passers
  • College entrance exam: must pass the college entrance examination with a specified rating set by the school.
  • Interview: must pass the interview conducted by the college dean/faculty.

What skills, traits and attitude will help you succeed in this course?

  • Reading Comprehension – understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Communication skills – has excellent written and oral communication skills; a strong command of the English language is important because your work will involve dealing with different kinds of people.
  • Problem-solving skills – the ability to identify, assess, create alternative solutions and solve the actual problem while continuously evaluating for outcomes.
  • Active Listening – the ability to listen carefully, ask pertinent questions and retain verbally transmitted information is vital to the counseling aspect of social work.
  • Interpersonal skills – the ability to relate effectively and sensitively to different people of all ages and walks of life.

How difficult is AB in Sociology?

AB in Sociology is not considered a difficult course. Generally, the curriculum for AB Sociology does not consist of many difficult subjects such as math or science, except those that are part of the general education course. The school work for this specific course is not as heavy compared to other programs, and there are not that many assignments and projects. The only consistent school work that you’ll probably be making is the case analysis.

Most students describe this program as interesting and fun, since you will be able to observe how people behave and react with others and their environment. Students undergo immersions and field trips which is an enjoyable learning activity for most students.

The challenging part of this program is the undergraduate thesis which is highly technical. On the job training (OJT) is not required in many schools.

How long does it take to complete the AB Sociology program in the Philippines?

The AB in Sociology program takes four years to complete (Note: this may change due to the K-12 integration). The program may be completed in a shorter time in schools that follow the trimestral curriculum.

On the Job Training (OJT)/Practicum

Some schools require the students of the AB Sociology program to attend an On the Job Training (OJT) in an organization, agency or community. It is usually offered in the third or fourth year of study. During the OJT, students are given the opportunity to apply their knowledge and practice their skills in actual settings. The usual task of students under the OJT is to help gather and research information on specific topics related to sociology. They may assist head researchers in observing a specific population and help write case analysis reports on this.

The OJT program is done under the supervision of a designated authority in the establishment/office which will evaluate the student periodically and submit the evaluation form to the assigned faculty member.

The number of hours required for the OJT varies from one school to another.

Career opportunities for AB Sociology graduates

  • Jobs related to the AB Sociology program

    • Community Worker – help to improve the lives of disadvantaged individuals and groups by facilitating change and providing the means for self-help within community settings.
    • Child Welfare Officer – work on behalf of children to ensure a safe and productive living environment. Often covered under the umbrella of social services, child welfare officers provide assessment, reporting and advising to adolescents and families and may be required to give evidence in courtroom hearings.
    • Human Services Worker – human services revolves around three major functions: evaluating needs, developing a treatment or remediation plan and putting the plan to work, always with the objective of meeting clients' specific requirements.
    • Social Science Research Assistant – prepare findings for publication and assist in laboratory analysis, quality control, or data management; assist social scientists in laboratory or office setting.
    • Social Science teacher – requires a few education units; teaches courses in social studies, history, geography, government, political science, or humanities utilizing core curriculum and other appropriate learning activities
    • Human resources officer – officers develop, advise on and implement policies relating to the effective use of personnel within an organization.
    • Social Planner – research, analyze, develop, and implement programs for people experiencing different kinds of abuse or poverty. They recommend certain government action to take place and help raise finance for these programs.
    • Social Researcher – plan, design and manage social research projects. They use a variety of computer software packages to collect, analyze and organize information and data, which they then present to others, either in a written report or oral presentation.
    • Community Development officer – help communities to bring about social change and improve the quality of life in their local area; work with individuals, families and whole communities to empower them.
    • Social Scientist – requires a master degree; responsible for studying and researching the link between society and human behavior.
    • Project Development officer – develop and co-ordinate individual projects in communities to help individuals and families live a better life.
    • Foster Care Worker – work in conjunction with the state and the courts to place abused, neglected or abandoned children into temporary foster homes to prepare them to return home or move to a permanent placement.
    • Demographer – a social scientist who uses statistical methods to study the size, distribution and structure of human populations.
    • Adoption Agent – make arrangements to place children with parents who want to permanently adopt them. Caseworkers assess the needs of both the adoptive parents and children through consultations, home studies, and post-placement visits.
    • Career Counselor – help people with job-related issues, such as finding work, setting career goals and dealing with stress on the job.
    • Social Service Program Director – plan, direct, or coordinate the activities of a social service program or community outreach organization. Oversee the program or organization's budget and policies regarding participant involvement, program requirements, and benefits.
    • Program Specialist – implement and manage different types of projects according to the policies, procedures and goals of an organization.
    • Social Work Administrators – plan, direct, or coordinate the activities of a social service program or community outreach organization. Oversee the program or organization's budget and policies regarding participant involvement, program requirements, and benefits
  • Jobs not related to the AB Sociology program

    • Call center agent – answers phone calls and inquiries of clients and provides customer support, usually to people from other countries
    • Administrative Staff – personnel responsible for the organization and management of office duties and tasks; positions that include office secretary, personal assistant and office clerk
    • Freelancer working online – doing online jobs for clients abroad, such as data entry, article writing, SEO, customer support, administrative support etc., which mainly depends on your skills

Find schools offering AB in Sociology:

Reviews of AB in Sociology graduates:

M. E.
◈ Studied AB in Sociology
◈ At University of the Philippines Los Banos
◈ Graduated 2010

list bulletAbout my college education: Like most of the graduating high school students, I did not know what course to take. I was just checking the application form of different universities and choose from the list of courses that they are offering. So, that was how I ended in AB Sociology.

At first, I did not like the course because it talks about a lot of theories that I did not know how to apply and I did not know the relevance to my life. But as my learning and understanding of the course widened, I finally understood the importance of my course in the society and the skills that I acquired from studying AB Sociology. It was a very interesting course for me because I was able to go to different places and learn different societies’ cultures and traditions, which you cannot do if you take other courses.

In taking AB Sociology you should expect that you will be required to write a lot: from writing a reaction paper to writing research paper. Don’t be afraid, it may sound complicated but practice makes perfect and since you will be required to write a lot of papers you will get the hang of it after some time and will be able to write your researches perfectly. The part of studying AB Sociology that I enjoyed a lot was doing surveys. I did a survey about the effectiveness of a new program introduced to a municipality thru a structured-interview with housewives and presented it to the class.

Just make sure that when deciding what course to take, think first what career you want to pursue and your interests. Because all the courses are difficult in different levels and it takes hard work and passion for you to be able to finish it and get your college diploma!

list bulletMy current job: Currently, I am a running my own business.

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: The things that I learned in Sociology is very significant in my professional career. As a human resource personnel I interact with a lot of people with different backgrounds and I am able to understand our differences because of the learning I had in college.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: I was a working-student so after graduation it did not take me long to get my first job. I worked as an Human Resource personnel in an international company 1 month after graduation.

list bulletDo I recommend studying Sociology: I would recommend AB Sociology for others to study if they like to interact with other people, if they are open-minded and if they like to go to different place while studying!
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