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AB in Philosophy in the Philippines

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  1. Read about the AB in Philosophy course:
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Program Overview

Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy (AB-PHILO) is a four year degree program that provides students with the understanding of different philosophical theories regarding human nature, society, civilization, culture and religion. The AB-PHILO program teaches students how to analyze philosophical arguments and texts, construct good arguments and present arguments in a logical way. It also has special emphasis on Philippine culture, arts, politics, and folkways.

AB-PHILO is a good preparation for further studies in fields such as theology, law or business.

Subjects and Curriculum

The subjects in the AB Philosophy curriculum are divided into five main categories:
  • General Education Subjects: Language and Humanities Cluster, Mathematics, Computer and Natural Science Cluster, Social Sciences Cluster, Mandated Subjects
  • Core Subjects: Introduction to Philosophy, Formal Logic, Philosophy of Person, History of Philosophy, Philosophical Anthropology, Philosophy of Religion, Rationalism and Empiricism, Aesthetics (with Art Appreciation), Theorizing Enlightenment and Modernity, Philosophy of Science, Narrative Philosophy, Filipino Philosophy, Literature as Philosophy, Analytic Philosophy, Biomedical Ethics
  • Major Subjects: Metaphysics, Epistemology, Scholasticism, Social and Political Philosophy, Indian Philosophy, Phenomenology and Existentialism, Philosophical Research, Ethical Systems, Chinese Philosophy, American Philosophy, Dialectical Materialism, German and French Critical Theory, Ancient Philosophy, Medieval Philosophy, Modern Philosophy, Contemporary Philosophy, Chinese Philosophy, Comparative Philosophy, Existentialism, Advance Logic, Asian Philosophy, Indian Philosophy, Legal Philosophy, Phenomenology, Political Philosophy, Tribal Philosophy, Women in Philosophy
  • Seminar Courses: Philosophy Seminar Course I and II
  • Research Courses: Philosophical Research I and II

The AB-PHILO program is taught to students through classroom lectures, educational talks and seminars. From time to time, students are also required to attend debates.

As a requirement for graduation, students are required to write a Research Paper under the guidance of a faculty adviser. Upon completion of the paper, the student defends his/her work infront of a panel of judges.

Is Philosophy considered a profession?

Philosophy is not considered a profession. A graduate of this program will usually need to complete a graduate course in order to find any kind of professional occupation. Non-professional employment maybe attainable to Philosophy graduates, but that is true for any bachelor’s degree, and Philosophy is not an advantage. Typical paths that Philosophy graduates take are Law, Theology, and Masters in Philosophy (which can lead to an academic career).

What are the admission requirements for the AB in Philosophy program?

Requirements at each school may differ, but generally are the basic college admission requirements:
  • Must be a high school graduate.
    Those who did not complete high school education may opt to first attend Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college. However, some universities only offer selected courses for PEPT passers
  • College entrance exam: must pass the college entrance examination with a specified rating set by the school.
  • Interview: must pass the interview conducted by the college dean/faculty.

What skills, traits and attitude will help you succeed in this course?

  • Love for reading – expect that when you study this course, you will spend most of your time infront of books and different literary/historic arts. A love for books/being a wide reader is important to survive this course.
  • English Language Fluency – a student must be good in English both orally and in written form; this course will require you to construct oral and written arguments. Written argument should be expressed in clear, lucid, coherent prose and orally it should sustain a reasoned line of argument.
  • Free Thinker/Open-minded – AB Philosophy tackles different views, paradigms and perspectives on things such as religion, human nature and life in itself, it is very important to be open-minded so that you are able to understand fully other philosophies not only what you believe in.
  • Analytical skills – analysis is a very important skill that you must possess when you study Philosophy. Most subjects contain lessons that are complex, the ability to examine and understand different Philosophies in a deeper level will be a challenge.
  • Logical skills – the ability to identify the interconnectedness of philosophical theories and principles and relate it to real life scenarios; during the course of study, you will be taught how to create valid arguments based on facts, presenting it in a logical manner is essential.
  • Reasoning skills – during classroom discussions and oral recitations professors will start an intellectual argument which will require you to reason according to what you’ve learned and think.
  • Memorization skills – to be able to survive this course, it is necessary to have strong memorizations skills because you need to remember important figures in Philosophy, different Philosophies and theories.
  • Reading Comprehension – ability to read and analyze texts and other primary sources critically while addressing issues of genre, content, perspective and purpose

How difficult is AB in Philosophy?

AB in Philosophy is a difficult course.

The subjects in the course are heavy on historical readings. You will read thousands of pages, mostly in ancient vocabulary, as many of the world’s greatest philosophers used styles of writing that are archaic and confusing to modern readers. In addition, philosophers often used confusing jargon that is specific to their particular philosophical viewpoint or had a historical meaning that may be different than the one in modern usage. This makes the reading itself one of the most daunting things that first time philosophy students must deal with.

Subject matters and themes in the program are dense and quite complex, forming opinions and arguments can be very challenging if you don’t know how to do extensive reflection and research. Aside from this it is difficult because it forces you to reconsider everything you have ever believed when you study this course.

One of the positive things about this program is the fact that it does not have an On the Job Training (OJT), and only a Philosophical Research Paper is required. It is one of the few programs in the Philippines that does not have an OJT in its curriculum.

How long does it take to complete the AB in Philosophy program in the Philippines?

The AB in Philosophy program takes four years to complete (Note: this may change due to the K-12 integration). The program may be completed in a shorter time in schools that follow the trimestral curriculum.

Career Opportunities for Philosophy graduates

As we mentioned earlier, most jobs available to philosophy graduates are not directly related to philosophy, and many graduates will go on to take another degree such as law, theology or a business degree.

As a fresh graduate you can apply to various entry level positions in the BPO/Call center industry, as well as various administrative and sales positions.

The only path that is directly related to philosophy, is working as a philosophy teacher/professor at a higher education institute. This kind of job will usually require you to complete a master’s degree in philosophy.

Find schools offering AB in Philosophy:

Reviews of AB in Philosophy graduates:

A. L.
◈ Studied AB Philosophy and Legal Studies (slightly different course)
◈ At University of Saint Louis
◈ Graduated 2012

list bulletAbout my college education: My education was very challenging since I studied two difficult majors in just a four-year period. But it is also very enjoyable and interesting. Philosophy is a very broad and profound study that requires ones love for wisdom and deep understanding of the different historical schools of thought through the course of time. While Legal Studies is basically the study of the laws, jurisprudence and general principles of the Philippine laws and the Constitution. My logical, reasoning and language skills were honed in the study of both majors.

list bulletMy current job: Executive Assistant

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: I think what I studied in my university is a practical one, since I am using my background in law, my reasoning and logical skills in studying labor cases in my current job as an assistant to the Mediator-Arbiter of the Department of Labor and Employment.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: Three months

list bulletDo I recommend studying : I would very much recommend the course I took to those who are planning to take up law in the future because it has a good foundation in the preparation for law.
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