AB in Mass Communication in the Philippines

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Program Overview

The Bachelor of Arts in Mass Communication (ABMC) is a four-year degree program which centers on the study of the different ways to relay information to the public through mass media. This program has five core topics namely, Journalism, Film and Television, Public Relations, Advertising, and Multimedia Design.

In this course, you will also learn about the history, theories, concepts and ethics of the various practices in media and mass communication. The curriculum is designed to equip students with the necessary skills for their future careers in print, broadcast, electronic, and digital media.

Some of the subjects taught in this course include:
  • Introduction to Journalism
  • Introduction to Broadcasting
  • Introduction to Communication Theory
  • News Writing
  • News Reporting
  • Radio/TV Production
  • Developmental Communication
  • Broadcast Media
  • Mass Communication Research
  • Communication Research
  • Advertising Principles
  • Photojournalism
  • Mass Media Laws and Ethics

This program is taught through classroom-based frontal instructions, group activities, research works, as well as oral and written exercises.

Is Mass Communication a profession?

"Mass Communication" is not a profession. However, graduates of AB in Mass Communication can pursue careers in the fields of publishing, print and broadcast media, advertising and public relations.

What are the admission requirements for ABMC?

Requirements at each school may differ, but these are the common requirements:
  • Must be a high school graduate.
    Those who did not complete high school education may opt to first attend Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college. However, some universities only offer selected courses for PEPT passers admission.
  • Must pass the college entrance examination
  • Must pass the interview conducted by the college / university admission officer
  • Medical laboratory results and health certificate
  • Good Moral certificate from the previous school (sometimes from enrollee’s Barangay)

What skills will help you succeed in this course?

  • Communication Skills – the ability to present information both in verbal and written form. You will be required to accomplish written reports on assigned tasks and present them orally to your professors and classmates.
  • Writing Skills – students must have the ability to write with clarity because in this course, they will be required to accomplish different kinds of writing exercises.
  • English Skills – the ability to read, write, and communicate well in English is necessary because most of the literature and required reading materials are in this language.
  • Interpersonal Skills – the ability to communicate and interact harmoniously with other people will definitely help you work on group projects and class activities with your classmates.
  • Creativity – the ability to come up with unique and interesting concepts that you might use in writing and accomplishing other assigned tasks.
  • Students who are outspoken and have high levels of confidence and self-esteem can gain an advantage because this program involves activities and exercises that require these personal traits. YYY

How difficult is this course?

The AB in Mass Communication program is of average difficulty. This course is under the liberal arts field and not as difficult as programs in the fields of natural sciences, engineerin, information technology or medicine.

AB in Mass Communication vs. AB in Communication

The main difference between these two courses is that the AB in Mass Communication (ABMC) program has a wider scope compared to AB in Communication, because it has five core topics namely, Journalism, Film and Television, Public Relations, Advertising and Multimedia Design.

The two courses are both four-year degree programs, however, in terms of difficulty AB in Mass Communication is more challenging because it covers more concepts and principles. Furthermore, since AB in Mass Communication has a broader scope compared to AB in Communication, graduates of ABMC have more career paths to choose from.

How long does it take to complete AB in Mass Communication in the Philippines?

Normally, the ABMC program takes 4 years to complete (Note: this may change due to the K-12 integration). The program may be completed in a shorter time in schools that follow the trimestral curriculum.

On The Job Training / Internship

There is no CHED-mandated number of OJT hours, however, schools normally require 200 hours of internship period. Students can work as interns in commercial or public media-related companies, or in organizations with departments that require applications of mass communication concepts. Some companies provide allowances for meals or transportation during the OJT period, while others do not.


  • Broadcasting – focuses on the study of how to produce and transmit communication content, such as on television or radio programs.
  • Journalism – centers on the efficient ways to convey current news and other important information to the public through print publishing,electronic broadcasting, and digital technology.
    • Print Journalism – this field is about disseminating news and factual information through print media outlets such as the newspapers and magazines.
    • Broadcast Journalism – centers in the field of news and journals which are published electronically. This includes radio, television, and the internet.
  • Multimedia Studies – focuses on the understanding of the different technologies and cultural dimensions of linking traditional media with the new ones.
  • Advertising – this field of specialization centers on learning about how to market a specific product or service in a persuasive manner through mass media (e.g., television, radio, internet, etc.).
  • Public Relations – this field is about learning how to manage the reputation of a particular company or organization. Moreover, this also involves providing information to the public in order to convey a specific view of the organization.
  • Communication – centers on the different processes of human communication ranging from face-to-face conversations to mass media outlets (e.g., television and radio broadcasting).
    • Corporate Communication – involves learning about effective ways of managing internal and external communications of a company or organization.
    • Development Communication – focuses on the effective use of communication to influence social development. Some techniques may include information dissemination, behavior change, social marketing, media advocacy, communication to bring about social change, as well as community participation.
  • Performing Arts – involves learning how to convey artistic expression through the use of your own body and/or voice. This may include dance, music, theater, and opera.
    • Theater Arts – involves being exposed to theater activities such as acting, directing, or production design.

Is there a board examination for ABMC?

There is no board examination for AB in Mass Communication graduates.

If you plan on working in the government sector, you can take a competency examination called the Civil Service Examination. Those who pass the civil service examination are conferred a civil service eligibility, a basic requirement for entrance to government service.

Career opportunities for ABMC graduates

  • Jobs related to Mass Communication

    • Journalist – involves seeking out news and bringing it to the public as quickly as possible. Journalists attend press launches and other important events, interview people, and record important notes that will help them write news stories in a clear and interesting manner.
    • Multimedia Designers – involves creating multimedia designs in partnership with business analysts, architects, or software programmers. Job duties may also include creating digital images and various artworks for animation and video games, as well as editing audio and video files.
    • Proof Reader – job duties include checking the spelling, grammar, and style of writing, making sure that the page numbers and headings are correct, as well as ensuring that the photos and illustrations are captioned correctly.
    • Public Relations Officer – the main duty of PR Officers is to manage the reputation of a company or an organization. Their job duties include developing and implementing effective PR strategies, researching and writing press releases to targeted media, maintaining and updating information on the company's website, as well as managing the PR aspect of a potential crisis situation.
    • Advertising Consultant – involves identifying strategic advertising opportunities, developing effective advertising campaigns, analyzing market data to improve sales, and advising clients on how they can ensure that their existing customers will remain loyal to their products.
    • Copy Writer – this job entails generating words for slogans and audio scripts that accompany the advertising visuals for different kinds of products and services.
    • Events Coordinator – this job involves coordinating events, planning menus, decorating the venue, booking musicians, ordering flowers, hiring support staff, and ensuring that the event will run smoothly.
    • Production Assistant – a production assistant is a member of the film crew which is responsible for various aspects of production. Job duties may include making important phone calls, going on runs, taking lunch orders, maintaining supplies,distributing paperworks, and providing other forms of assistance in the production of films, TV shows, or Commercials.
    • Photo Journalist – involves taking photographs and shooting video segments of various events, processing and editing photos and film, writing captions or headlines to accompany photos, and traveling to photo shoot locations.
    • Layout Artist – involves collecting and assembling type styles and images, as well as determining the appropriate color combinations to create engaging visual designs.
    • Scriptwriter – this job entails writing scripts for different kinds of media such as TV shows, sitcoms, television dramas, feature films, radio plays, cartoons, and TV advertisements. Other job duties include creating characters, writing dialogues, and writing the plot of the story.
    • Broadcaster – this job entails researching about current news,carrying out interviews, and presenting factual information on current affairs to the public through broadcast media.
    • Radio/TV Announcer – involves delivering news updates, weather reports, sports broadcasts, and other important information over the radio or television.
    • Academician – faculty members, instructors, and professors in an institution that provides Mass Communication education lectures in a college or university.
    • Documentary/Film Maker – involves developing the initial concept or story, managing the production crew, hiring and appointing members of the technical crew and cast, working with the Director of Photography and Director of Audiography, as well as securing and procuring finance for the project.
  • Jobs not related to Mass Communication that graduates can apply to

    • Call center agent – answers phone calls and inquiries of clients and provides customer support, usually to people from other countries
    • Administrative Staff – personnel responsible for the organization and management of office duties and tasks; positions that include office secretary, personal assistant and office clerk
    • Freelancer working online – doing online jobs for clients abroad, such as data entry, article writing, SEO, customer support, administrative support etc., which mainly depends on your skills
  • Career Opportunities Abroad

    There are limited job opportunities abroad for Filipino Mass Communication graduates in countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei and the Gulf countries. (sources: 1 2 )
  • Salary Levels

    Since AB in Mass Communication graduates have a wide choice of career paths to take, the salary levels vary greatly, and depend the industry, your position and experience.

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Reviews of AB in Mass Communication graduates:

L. A.
◈ Studied AB in Mass Communication
◈ At Far Eastern University
◈ Graduated 2013

list bulletWhy did I choose Mass Communication: Choosing what degree to take in college has always been a dilemma for many graduating high school students. Peer and family pressure may instill a 'required feeling' of what degree to pursue. But while many students go with the flow of what supposed to be 'the most popular degree' and take up courses that their loved ones think would best benefit them, I decided to take the road less travelled, and in this sense, I decided on my own. Although many suggestions have been given to me prior to graduation, I still chose AB in Mass Communication. I never feared choosing this degree despite the fact that I was the only one who took it in our class. I spent many days thinking if I'm doing the right thing, then everything was validated when our NCAE results were given. The results that I got fell under the Artistic Interests which pointed out the skills that I possess especially in the creative field.

list bulletAbout my college education: Mass Communication covers a lot of fields such as television, radio, print, film, photography and other creative industries. Through our generalized curriculum, we were able to have a grasp of these different areas and find out where we excel the most. I learned a lot in my degree, especially real life teachings that I can apply in my future career. Aside from the lessons that I learned in the areas of photography, film, print, radio and television, it's principles and techniques, I also had a chance to try and apply what were written in the white board through the hands on training that we had. Some of these include television production, radio drama, advertising and marketing strategies applied, theater production, photography exhibit and film production. In these activities, I was able to experience a glimpse of the real media industry.

I find most difficult in my course would be our Investigative Journalism, Film and TV Production and Communication Research subjects. In each subject, we were required to produce final output based on what the subject is all about. For example, in our Film Production subject, we were required to produce a 20 minute film by the end of the semester. The most challenging part in every requirement is the ability to balance physical, emotional and creative strength. Being subjected in such activities requires much patience because we needed to collaborate with each other. Handling pressure and stress was also challenging especially in terms of meeting deadlines.
There are a number of useful things that I learned from my degree. First was that you can always be a better person every day, you can discover new things about yourself and develop new skills that you’re passionate about. Second was about being independent. Studying in college would be a whole lot different than high school. You can never really depend on others to pass a subject, just like in life, you need to stand up on your own and create your own destiny. Third was that pressure and stress are inevitable. Meeting deadlines and working with colleagues are just a few faces of the real industry. Stress management is very important especially in mass media where information is overflowing.

Examinations in Mass Communication are far different from the usual examinations that we take. Our exams mostly depend on specific subjects and areas of communication. We usually take up hands on examinations to test whether we know how to apply the lessons that we learn. For me, all of our examinations were not difficult, they’re just challenging. Challenging in the sense that we needed to overcome our stage fright, speak in front of a number of people, act while cameras are rolling and write as concise as possible. These exams developed my whole personality because I was able to open myself more into the real world.
A number of students fail their examinations because of the following reasons: lack of preparation, lack of confidence and lack of motivation.

Only a few students shift to other courses. Only those who aren’t as confident as they thought they were. If a student is determined enough to grow as an individual, he will definitely survive this course. Being able to see oneself as a future media practitioner will also help one succeed. I learned in my 4 years in this course that confidence and passion works along really well. If you are passionate enough in what you’re doing and confident that you’ll succeed someday, you’ll surely succeed.

list bulletMy current job: I’m currently working as a part time Marketing Manager for a travel business. My responsibilities include handling all marketing needs of the business, from closing deals with different travel agencies, hotels and resorts to creating marketing strategies to help boost our business’ sales. Also, as the head of Marketing, I am tasked to build a brand for the business and instill to people what we can offer to them. I am also tasked to create collateral such as brochures, flyers and website. Overall, being a Marketing Manager requires a lot of skills in order to persuade and build a targeted market.

list bulletAm I using what I learned in college: Since Mass Communication is a very hands on course, I was able to develop skills that I am currently applying in my work. Some of these include proper communication with clients and partners, website development, photography and editing skills. I can say that since our course is diverse, I was able to adapt set of skills that I can use in varying situations and careers.

list bulletHow long did it take to find a job: Right after graduation, I decided to take a break for 3 months since I’ve been studying for quite a long time. I tried freelance tutoring and it lasted for 2 months. Then by October of 2013, I was invited by my dad’s colleague to become a Marketing Manager for their business. I grabbed the opportunity since I saw it as a chance for me to put my skills to the test. As of today, I’m still working for them and hopefully, I’ll be able to grow professionally in the years to come.

list bulletDo I recommend studying Mass Communication: I would definitely recommend it because having a course as diverse as AB in Mass Communication can provide a number of opportunities after college. Since there are a number of fields included in our curriculum such as in television, radio, print, advertising, marketing, photography, film, theater and creative arts, the chances of landing a great career are affluent.

Salary depends on what level of expertise an individual has. For fresh Mass Communication graduates, starting from below is really a part of the process. Most of the time, fresh graduates can't expect a salary of 30,000 per month since they lack experience. Usually, salary ranges from 12,000-20,000 depending on what company and position to consider. More experienced employees can expect higher pay since they have already acquired the necessary work experience and skills to take their professions into a whole new level.

More than the salary level in every career, it is more important to keep in mind that growing as a professional should be the top priority. Learning through experiences can help shape people. Experiences shape life, and life as a whole is a never ending process of learning.

Choose a course that you're passionate about and you'll become what you wanted to be. Good luck to everyone! :)

list bulletAdvice to people who are thinking of studying this course: Each of us has one goal in mind, which is to become the best that we can be someday. To those graduating high school students who are considering AB in Mass Communication as their college degree, I would just like to point out a few things that will help you enjoy and love it:

Confidence is the key. Be confident of your own talents, flaunt them. Discover your potentials; you will definitely need them in the future.

Never be afraid of what the outcomes would be, may it be a simple project or a final requirement, as long as you give it your all, you’ll be great.

Learn to handle stress very well. This course requires patience and a whole lot of stress defenders. Try to loosen up a bit when you feel like breaking down.

Don’t procrastinate. Do things now or don’t do things later. Mass Communication is a very demanding course. Every second is a treasure.

Never stop learning. Lessons are just a glimpse of what the real world looks like. Grab eve
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