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AB in Filipino in the Philippines

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Program Overview

Bachelor of Arts in Filipino (AB FIL) is a four year degree program that helps students gain a better understanding in the proper use of the Filipino Language. Aside from teaching correct Filipino grammar and composition, the AB in Filipino program centers on discussing Filipino history, society, politics and government. It also discusses Philippine journalism and how it has developed over the years.

Apart from providing education and awareness about the Philippines, the program aims to make students of aware of their Filipino ethnic identity by teaching Philippine culture and tradition through literary readings, musical recordings and film viewings.

Subjects and Curriculum

The subjects in the AB in Filipino curriculum are divided into the following categories:
  • General Education Subjects
    Language and Humanities Cluster, Mathematics, Computer and Natural Science Cluster, Social Sciences Cluster, Mandated Subjects
  • Core Subjects
    Maunlad na Gramatika, Panitikang Pambata, Retorika, Panulaang Pilipino, Linggwistika, Pagpapahalagang Edukasyon, Panitikang Pilipino, Bernakular, Ang Diaspora Ng Kulturang Filipino, Introduksyon Sa Diskors Pangmidya Sa Filipino, Pagbasa At Pagsulat Sa Ibat-Ibang Disiplina, Kayarian / Istruktura ng Filipino, Introduksiyon sa Pagsuri ng Disko, Wika at Lipunan, Kasaysayan at Pag-unlad ng Filipino, Panimulang Linggwistika, Introduksiyon sa Pamamahayag
  • Major Subjects
    Paglalahad: Pasulat at Pasalita Maikling Kwento at Nobela, Dula, Pagbasa sa Filipino sa Elem at Sekundarya, Pamahayagang Filipino, Pagtatalumpati, Pamamaraan ng Pagtuturo: Kolehiyo, Pagsasaling-wika, Malikhaing Pagsulat, Seminar sa Filipino, Pagsulat Ng Akdang Popular Sa Pilipino, Etika At Batas Pangmidya, Masining na Pagpapahayag, Kontemporaryong Panitikan, Sikolohiya ng Wika, Kritikang Pampanitikan, Sekswalidad at Wika, Malikhaing Pagsulat, Pulitika ng Wika
  • Research Courses
    Intro sa Pamamaraan ng Riserts, Mga Pamamaraan at Suliraning Pananaliksik, Pagbasa at Pagsulat Tungo sa Pananaliksik, Pagsulat ng Teknikal

As a requirement for graduation, the course requires students to write a Research Paper under the guidance of a research adviser. Upon completion of the paper, the student defends his/her work infront of a panel.

Are career paths related to AB in Filipino considered professions?

Career paths related to AB in Filipino are usually not considered professions. A graduate of this program can be employed in a variety of jobs that require the proper use of Tagalog, however most of these careers are not considered professions, accept for being a teacher or professor (which would require you to get a Techer Certificate or a Master’s degree).

What are the admission requirements for the AB in Filipino program?

Requirements at each school differ, but usually only the basic admission requirements apply:
  • Must be a high school graduate.
    Those who did not complete high school education may opt to first attend Alternative Learning System (ALS) and pass the Philippine Educational Placement Test (PEPT) to qualify for college. However, some universities only offer selected courses for PEPT passers
  • College entrance exam: must pass the college entrance examination with a specified rating set by the school.
  • Interview: must pass the interview conducted by the college.

What skills, traits and attitude will help you succeed in this course?

  • Love for Filipino culture – for a student to like this course, one should be very interested in the Filipino language and culture. Unlike other courses, studying Filipino means that you will focus on studying all the important aspects of the Philippine culture most especially its language.
  • Fluency in Filipino – most of the time you will be speaking in Tagalog and there are activities in subjects like media arts that will require you to report in Tagalog so you need to be fluent in the language and be able to understand certain terms and words.
  • Reading Comprehension – since you will be reading a lot of literary material and watch Filipino films, you need to understand the Filipino language in a deeper sense since there are terms and words that are difficult to understand.
  • Memorization skills – apart from sentence and grammar, you will also be studying other subjects such as Philippine History and Culture where you have to remember important events, dates and events.
  • Writing skills – there are a lot of writing activities in this course using the Filipino language; you must be have the ability to organize your thoughts and relay this in written form using correct Tagalog grammar, spelling and sentence construction.
  • Logical skills – just like studying English where grammar is highly taught, studying AB in Filipino is quite the same. You need to have logical skills to be able to understand the sequence of sentences, thought process of Filipino worded paragraphs and reading materials.

How difficult is AB in Filipino?

AB in Filipino is not considered a difficult course. The workload for this course is not as heavy compared to other programs. Majority of students understand the Filipino language well because it is taught all throughout high school.

Many students attest that studying Filipino sentence and grammar is one of the most difficult subjects that they had to deal with in this program. The difficulty may stem from the fact that almost all subjects in high school are taught in the English language and students are taught intensively about correct grammar in English but rarely in Filipino.

Another advantage about this program is the fact that it does not have an on the job training (OJT).

How long does it take to complete the AB in Filipino program in the Philippines?

The AB in Filipino program takes four years to complete (Note: this may change due to the K-12 integration). The program may be completed in less than 4 years in schools that follow the trimestral curriculum.

Career Opportunities for AB in Filipino graduates

  • Filipino Tutor – assists students who are having a difficult time studying the subject in schools; makes sure that academic needs of students are met and follows up the completion of assignments and projects
  • Filipino subject teacher – teaches Filipino to elementary and high school students. You may need to take education subjects and get a Teaching Certificate in order to be able to teach.
  • Proofreader for Filipino texts – ensure that material is clear and consistent, complete and credible, and that text is well written, grammatically correct and accessible.
  • Encoder – provides verification and preparation of electronic documents in a variety of workplace settings. Typically a part of an organization's support staff, the encoder is responsible for supplying accurate documentation that may be part of billing, inventory or customer service.
  • Translator from Filipino to English or vice-versa – convert written material from Filipino to English or vice-versa ensuring that the translated version conveys the meaning of the original as clearly as possible.
  • Publication staff for local newspapers and magazines – part of a team that writes stories from local to international news and a wide array of topics published in local newspapers and magazines
  • News writer for Filipino publications – research and write stories for national, regional and local press. As well as news and politics, they report on sports, arts and culture, science and business.
  • Filipino Professor – teaches Filipino at universities and colleges; may need to take a dew education subjects to be able to teach
  • Copywriter for local marketing companies – writes words and text for television commercials, radio, Internet content, jingles, websites, press releases, flyers, and direct mail literature.
  • Scriptwriter for TV, films or radio – write scripts for feature films, sitcoms, television dramas, radio plays, cartoons and TV adverts
  • Filipino Literary writer – create original written works, such as scripts, essays, prose, poetry or song lyrics, for publication or performance
  • Cultural Officer – works in promoting Philippine culture and tradition as well as Philippine Tourism
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